Endocrine System

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Gland in the brain that is the control center for all regulatory activities of the body

hypothalamus

Condition in which levels of thyroid hormones in the blood are very low

hypothyroidism

Helps regulate when you sleep at night and when you wake in the morning

melatonin

Master gland, makes hormones that control several other endocrine glands

pituitary

Hormone that reproductive glands produce for females

estrogen

two hormones produces by the pancreas

insulin and glucagon

gland produces hormones that control the rate at which cells produce energy

thyroid

four tiny glands that function together that release hormones that regulates calcium levels

parathyroid

adrenal cortex produce this hormone

corticosteroids

the inner part of the adrenal gland

medulla

hormone that reproductive glands produce for males

testosterone

gland that produces melatonin

pineal

causes milk production in nursing mothers and contracting during childbirth

oxytocin

increases blood pressure and heart rate when the body experiences stress

adrenalin

helps regulate calcium in the bones

calcitonin

adrenal glands are located above this major organ

kidney

disease caused by a failure of the body to produce insulin

diabetes

produced in the adrenal cortex, keeps blood glucose level stable

cortisol

contains cells called the Islets of Langerhans

pancreas

collection of glands that secret chemicals that maintain homeostasis

endocrine system

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