Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when?
insulin is not available in the body
The respiratory distress that accompanies emphysema is caused by:
chronic stretching of the alveolar walls
Which of the following statements regarding drowning is most correct?
Laryngospasm following submersion in water makes rescue breathing difficult.
Before giving activated charcoal, you should:
obtain approval from medical control
During your assessment of a 50-year-old male who was found unconscious in an alley, you note that he has slow, shallow respiration's; significant bradycardia; perioral cyanosis; and pinpoint pupils. As your partner begins assisting the patient's ventilation's, he directs your attention to the patients arms, which have multiple needle tracks on them. This patient's clinical presentation is MOST consistent with?
a heroin overdose
Delirium tremens (DTs) is a syndrome associated with withdrawal from:
The venom of a brown recluse spider is cytotoxic, meaning that it:
causes severe local tissue damage
You are transporting a 49-year-old male with "tearing" abdominal pain. You are approximately 30 miles away from the closest hospital. During your ongoing assessment, you determine that the patient's condition has deteriorated significantly. You should:
consider requesting a rendezvous with an ALS unit
A raised, swollen, well-defined area on the skin that is the result of an insect bite or sting is called:
A patient without a history of seizures experiences a sudden convulsions. The LEAST likely cause of this seizure is:
A 37-year-old female with a history of diabetes presents with excessive urination and weakness of 2 days duration. You apply 100% oxygen and assess her blood glucose level, which reads 320 mg/dl. If this patient's condition is not promptly treated, she will MOST likely develop:
Acidosis and dehydration
Signs and symptoms of a sympathomimetic drug overdose include:
Blood that ejected from the right ventricle:
flows into the pulmonary arteries
While examining a woman in labor, you see the umbilical cord protruding from the vagina. You should:
push the infant's head away from the cord
You are dispatched to a residence for a 56-year-old male with an altered mental status. Upon arrival at the scene, the patient's wife tells you that he complained of chest pain the day before, but would not allow her to call EMS. The patient is semiconscious, has rapid and shallow respiration's, and has a thready pulse. You should:
begin ventilatory assistance
A patient who is experiencing receptive aphasia is:
able to speak clearly but has difficulty
Ischemic heart disease is MOST accurately defined as:
decreased blood flow to one or more portions of the myocardium
The amniotic fluid serves to:
insulate and protect the fetus
The diving reflex may allow a person to survive extended periods of submersion in cold water secondary to:
bradycardia and a slowing of the metabolic rate
Pain that is localized to the lower back and/or lower abdominal quadrants is MOST suggestive of:
an aortic aneurysm
The right coronary artery supplies blood to the:
right ventricle and inferior wall of the left ventricle
De-oxygenated blood from the body returns to the:
Which of the following is of LEAST pertinence when obtaining medical history information from a patient complaining of the chest discomfort?
family history of hypertension
Which of the following accurately describes the cause of an ischemic stroke?
blockage of a cerebral artery
Which he following are true regarding a patient with a left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD):
All of the available answers
In what area of the lungs does respiration occur?
Heat cramps are MOST likely the result of:
a loss of water and electrolytes
Which of the following conditions would be the LEAST likely to increase a person's risk of hypothermia?
When would it be MOST appropriate for a patient to take nitroglycerin?
Chest pain that does not immediately subside with rest
A 22-year old female patient is complaining of dyspnea, numbness, and tingling in her hands and feet after an argument with her fiance. Her respiration are 40 breaths/min. You should:
Provide reassurance and give oxygen as needed.
Normal blood glucose levels, as measured by a glucometer, are:
Harsh, high-pitched inspiratory sounds are MOST characteristic of:
What Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score would you assign to a patient who responds to painful stimuli, uses inappropriate words, and flexes his or her arms in response to pain?
During the initial assessment of a semiconscious 70-year-old female, you should:
Ensure a patent airway and support ventilation as needed.
The signs and symptoms of insulin shock are the result of:
decreased blood glucose levels
Heroin is an example of a/an:
General treatment guidelines when caring for a woman with traumatic vaginal bleeding includes:
Transporting to an appropriate facility.
When obtaining a SAMPLE history from a diabetic patient, it would be MOST important to determine:
if he or she has had any recent illnesses or excessive stress
You are dispatched to a residence for a 67-year-old female that was awakened by shortness of breath and sharp chest pain. Her husband tells you that she was recently discharged from the hospital after having hip surgery. Your assessment reveals dried blood around her mouth, facial cyanosis, and an oxygen saturation of 88%. This patients presentation is MOST consistent with:
Acute pulmonary embolism
Colic is pain caused by:
Distention or contraction of hollow organs.
When the cervix begins to dilate:
a mucas plug is expelled from the vagina.
A 19-year-old male complains of "not feeling right." His insulin and a syringe are on a nearby table. The patient says he thinks he took his insulin and can't remember whether or not he ate. He is also unable to tell you the time or what day it is. In addition to administering oxygen, you should:
Administer oral glucose.
Shivering is a mechanism in which the body generates heat by:
increasing the metabolic rate.
A 38-year-old male with a history of schizophrenia is reported by neighbors to be screaming and throwing things in his house. You are familiar with the patient and have cared for him in the past for unrelated problems. Law enforcement officers escort you into the residence when you arrive. The patient tells you that he sees "aliens" and is attempting to ward them off by screaming and throwing things at them. He has several large lacerations to his forearms that are actively bleeding. The MOST appropriate way to manage this situation is to:
Restrain the patient with appropriate force in order to treat his injuries.
An acute myocardial tissue dies secondary to an absence of oxygen.
avoid contaminating yourself.
A 59-year-old make with a history of emphysema complains of an acute worsening of his dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain following a forceful cough. Your assessment reveals that he has a barrel-shaped chest, unilaterally diminished breath sounds, and tachycardia. What is the MOST likely cause of this patient's condition?
Peritonitis may result in shock because:
fluid shifts from the bloodstream into body tissues
Narrowing of the coronary arteries due to a buildup of fatty deposits is called:
The principle clinical difference between a stroke and hypoglycemia is that patients with hypoglycemia:
usually have an altered mental status or decreased level of consciousness
You are dispatched to a residence for a young female who is "sick." The patient complains of a rash to her lower extremities and truncal area. Your assessment reveals a small, painful blister on her inner thigh. As your assessment reveals a small, painful blister on her inner thigh. As your partner is taking the patient's vital signs, she states that she and her family returned from a camping trip 2 days ago. On the basis of this patient's presentation, you should suspect:
An acute myocardial infarction occurs when:
myocardial tissue dies secondary to an absence of oxygen
Risk factors for myocardial infarction that CANNOT be controlled include:
When obtaining medical history information from the family of a suspected stroke patient, it is MOST important to determine:
when the patient last appeared normal
Which of the following conditions is more common in women than in men?
You are treating a 20-year-old male with a history of diabetes. The patient states that he is not feeling well. His vital signs are stable; however, he is confused and his skin is cool and clammy. You attempt to obtain a blood glucose reading with your glucometer; however it reads "error" after three attempts. After administering 100% oxygen, you should:
Administer oral glucose as needed and transport.