Chapter 17 Europe

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Key players

Henry the navigator

Portugals first prince explored the african coast sought gold and slaves

Bartholemew dias

opened the portugese empire in the east when he rounded the cape of good hope at the tip of africa.

Vasco de gama

stood on the dhore of india and when he returned his cargo was worth 60 times what it was

Columbus

unwittingly discovered america in 1492 for his map skills were based of marco polo.

Taino indians

greeted Columbus on the shore and was extremely nice to him.

Amerigo Vespucci

after whom america is named him and Ferdinand magellan carefully explored the coastline of South America. discovered it was a whole new continent.

trading block

these men helped build 3 years of huge trading blocks throughout Europe.

Martin Luther

well educated young man who made his own religion because he couldn't stay under the same standards of God. printed the 95 theses which started a riot. German form of the bible/ argueg scripture over faith/ threatened by peasents and jews and killed them off

Desiderious Erasmus

most famous northern humanist saw study of bible and classics as best path to reform made greek edition of New testament.

Sir thomas moore

best known english humanist and part of english ref. with the theory of the society Utopia

Fransisco Jimenez

printed a greek edition of the new testament put all languages into one bible once.

Indulgences

brought down the church one of the main things in Luthers 95 theses

Charles 1

helped repromand Luther.

Peace of Augs

made it so leaders could chose the religion of a certain place.

Ulrich Zwingli

opposed superstition and selling of indulgenses created his own protestan city

Phillip of hesse

sought to unite swiss and german protestants i n a defense pact

Calvinists

were zealous reformers and gained support eventually in Geneva

Charles v

attempted to enforce a compromise agreement btween protestants and catholics

Ignatious of Loyola

helped fuel the counter ref. with the society of jesus

Pope paul the third

help reform the church doctrine.

France

three powerful families competed for power the Guises- catholic and bourbon and montegary- protestant

Catherine de medicis

sought allies witht the protestants and gave them unlimited freedom. to cover up her role in the assasination of a prot. leader she said there was a coup of prots comin in and 20000 were killed

henry 3

tried to save france and ally the two places

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