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fertillization

creation by the physical union of male and female gametes

implantation

the organic process whereby a fertilized egg becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus of placental mammals

embryo

the developing human organism from about 2 weeks after fertilization through the second month

fetus

an unborn or unhatched vertebrate in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of humans

amniotic sac

thin innermost membranous sac enclosing the developing embryo

umbillical cord

the structure that connects the fetus and the placenta

placenta

the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus

labor

concluding state of pregnancy

prenatal care

steps that a pregnant female can take to provide for her own health and the health of her baby

birthing center

a facility in which women with low-risk pregnancies can deliver their babies in a homelike setting

FAS

the mother drank alcohol while pregnant

miscarriage

spontaneous abortion

stillbirth

Loss of fetus after 20 weeks of pregnancy

heredity

the passing of traits from parents to offspring

chromosomes

threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes

genes

chemical factors that determine traits

DNA

a complex molecule containing the genetic information that makes up the chromosomes

genetic disorder

a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically

amniocentesis

extraction by centesis of amniotic fluid from a pregnant woman to aid in the diagnosis of fetal abnormalities

CVS

pregnancy test that checks the baby for genetic or biochemical abnormalities

developmental tasks

these tasks include physical, mental, social, emotional, and moral skills

autonomy

ability to take care of oneself and make one's own decisions

scoliosis

lateral curvature of the spine

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