the narrator; voice of the poem is not always that of the poet, meaning that the poem may not necessarily be what the poet believes...
when the speaker in the poem is an actual character, clearly distinct from the poet; char. can be borrowed from history or literature
tells a story
a first person poem where thoughts and feelings are expressed; NOT a story
consists entirely of the words of a single, fictional speaker, speaking in a clear setting
the dictionary definition of a word
what a word implies beyond the definition
reference to history, religion, mythology, or literature