EOC ENGLISH I LANGUAGE

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131 terms · Thank you Mrs. Benefield for creating this quizlet set!

Action Verb

This is the part of speech that shows something is being done.

Adjective

This is a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun.

Adjective Clause

This is a group of related words with a subject and predicate that acts to modify a noun or pronoun.

Adverb

This is a word that modifies a verb, an adverb or an adjective.

Adverb Clause

This is a group of related words with a subject and predicate that acts to modify a verb, adjective, or adverb.

Affix

This is a syllable or word element that can only occur in front of a root or stem, or at the end of a root or stem.

Ambiguity

This is the state of having more than one possible meaning which often leads to misunderstanding because the meaning is not clear.

Analogy

This is a comparison based on a similarity between things that are otherwise dissimilar.

Antecedent

This is the noun or pronoun to which a pronoun refers.

Antonym

This is a word or phrase that means the opposite of another word or phrase.

Apostrophe

This is used to show the possessive form of a noun and is used to show that a letter or letters have been left out of a contraction.

Appositive

This is a word or phrase that identifies or explains the noun that it follows.

Base Word

This is a word to which affixes may be added to create related words, as 'group' in 'regroup' or 'grouping'.

Capitalization

This is the use of letters to indicate proper nouns, or it is used at the beginning of a sentence.

Clarify

Reading and writing both involve the mental processing of information which must be clarified and used in ways to make this information understandable.

Clause

This is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate. It can be dependent or independent.

Cognate

These are words that have a common origin.

Collective Noun

This refers to a group of people or things but usually takes a singular verb form. For example: The team is on its way to victory.

Colon

This is a punctuation mark used before a list of items or details, before a statement that summarizes the original statement, before a long, formal quotation or statement, or in a business letter after the salutation.

Comma

This is a punctuation mark that may be used to indicate a pause, connection, separation, list or for clarity or to show importance.

Comma Splice

This is when two or more independent clauses are joined by a comma without a coordinating conjunction.

Common Adjective

This does not need to be capitalized and is the term given for the general description of a noun.

Comparative Adjective

This is used to state that one noun has more of something than the second noun. It is a modifier that relates one word to another.

Complex Sentence

This consists of one independent clause with one or more subordinate clauses.

Compound Sentence

This consists of two or more independent clauses with no subordinate clauses.

Compound-Complex Sentence

This consists of at least two independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause.

Concise Wording

This is the author's use of brevity when writing.

Conjunction

This is a part of speech that links two words, clauses, or phrases.

Connotation

This is the emotional feelings and associations that go beyond the dictionary definition of a word.

Context

This is the framework of meaning which surrounds a specific word, sentence, idea, or passage.

Context Analysis

This is a method of breaking down the meaning of a word (or phrase) by working with the text or passage in which the word is used.

Context Clues

These are in the text surrounding a word and give hints for the meaning of the word.

Conventions

In writing, this is the trait to measure standard writing and the editing processes of spelling, punctuation, grammar, capitalization, and paraphrasing.

Coordinating Conjunction

This is a word used to connect grammatically equal elements. These include and, but, or, nor, for, so, and yet.

Dangling Modifiers

These are words or phrases that do not modify ANY word in the sentence.

Decode

This is when we analyze a spoken or written word to discover its pronunciation or meaning.

Denotation

This is the dictionary definition of a word.

Derivation

This is the process by which a word is created from other words.

Dictionary

This is a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words, with information given for each word, usually including meaning, pronunciation, and etymology.

Direct Object

This is a noun, pronoun or word group that receives the action of verbs.

Direct Quotation

This is the exact repetition of someone's written or spoken words.

Edit

This is to correct and/or revise a piece of writing.

Electronic Resource

This is something that can be accessed online or by computer and is used for support or to help.

Ellipsis Mark

This, three spaced periods, is used to indicate that a word or words have been deleted from a direct quote.

End Punctuation

These are marks used to indicate the end of a sentence.

Etymology

This is the origin and history of a word which shows the language or languages from which it is borrowed.

Exclamation Point

This is used after a word or words that have special emphasis or feeling.

Figurative Language

This goes beyond the literal meanings of words to create special effects or feelings.

Foreign Words

These used in English are borrowed directly from other languages.

Format

This is the general plan of organization of a written work.

General Dictionary

This is a common reference book of words in alphabetical order including information about their meanings, pronunciation, and forms.

Glossary

This is a list found in the back of a book that gives definitions of unusual or hard words found in the text.

Grammar

This is the structure of language and the rules that go with it.

Homonym

This is a word that has multiple meanings and is spelled in the same way for both meanings.

Homophones

These are words that are pronounced the same, but have different meanings.

Idiom

This is a phrase in common use that can not be understood by literal or ordinary meanings.

Implied Meaning

This is a suggested, but not stated, definition.

Indefinite Pronoun

This takes the place of a noun and refers to nonspecific persons or things.

Indirect Object

This is a word or group of words that acts as a noun and tells to whom or what something is done.

Infer

This is to get a conclusion from the facts or context; to figure out what is being implied by reading between the lines.

Inference

This is reading between the lines. It is taking something that you read and putting it together with something that you already know to make sense of what you read.

Interjection

This is a word, either by itself or within the sentence, that exclaims or commands attention.

Irregular Noun

This is a type of noun that forms its plural by a means other than adding 's' or 'es'.

Irregular Verb

These are verbs that do follow standard conjugation rules.

Linking Verb

This is a word that connects the subject to either a noun or adjective. They are either a form of "be" or other specific words.

Literal Meaning

This is the ordinary, usual, or exact meaning of words, phrases, or passages. No figurative language or interpretation is involved.

Literal Understanding

This is the act of taking or perceiving something according to the usual, ordinary or surface meaning.

Manuscript

This is any unpublished writing that is handwritten or word processed.

Misplaced Modifier

This a word or word group that sounds unclear because it seems to describe the wrong word.

Modifier

These are words that qualify the meaning of another word.

Modifiers

These are words or phrases that make the intended meaning more specific.

Multiple-meaning Words

These are words that have more than one definition. The meaning of the word is determined by how it is used in a sentence.

Nominative Case

This contains pronouns which are used as subjects or subject complements in sentences.

Nonessential Clause

This is a clause that modifies another word or group of words but does not include essential identifying information.

Nonessential Phrase

This is a phrase that modifies another word or group of words but does not include essential identifying information.

Noun

This is a word that names a person, place, thing, quality or idea.

Object

This is never the subject, but always a noun, in a sentence it can be either direct or indirect.

Object Complement

This is an adjective or noun that follows and modifies a direct object.

Objective Case

This contains pronouns which are used as objects in sentences.

Participle

This is a verb form used as an adjective.

Parts Of Speech

These are the different classes into which words are commonly grouped according to their form, function or meaning.

Parts Of Speech

These are the different classes into which words are commonly grouped according to their form, function or meaning.

Period

This is an end punctuation mark that indicates the end of a sentence.

Personal Pronoun

These are words used as substitutes for proper or common words.

Phrase

This is a group of words used as a single part of speech without a subject and verb.

Possessive Pronoun

This is a word that takes the place of noun and shows ownership.

Precise Vocabulary

This is a writing skill which assures that students choose words that exactly and accurately describe or reflect the writer's meaning.

Prefix

This can be added to the beginning of a word to change the word's meaning.

Preposition

This is a word that specifies the place, direction, or time of a noun in relation to another word.

Prepositional Phrase

This is a set of words that begins with a word telling the position of a person or thing in relation to a noun or pronoun.

Presentation

This is a prepared performance, report, or demonstration for an audience.

Pronoun

This is a word that takes the place of a noun.

Pronoun Antecedent Agreement

A substitute word must always match the word it is substituting for in person, number and gender.

Pronoun Case

This is the form of a pronoun which changes to show the relationship to other words in the sentence.

Pronunciation

This is the way a word or language sounds when spoken.

Proofread

This is the process of making marks on a written document to correct errors.

Publish

This is to issue written work publicly.

Punctuation

This is the system of standardized marks in written language to clarify meaning.

Question Mark

This is the end punctuation for an interrogative sentence.

Quotation Marks

These are used to enclose direct quotations and to designate titles of short works (like newspaper and magazine articles, poems, short stories, songs, episodes of television and radio programs, and subdivisions of books or web sites).

Quote

This is to speak or to write a passage from another source. It can also be the exact words that someone else has written or said.

Reflexive Pronoun

These are easy to spot because they always end in either "self" or "selves," these pronouns refer to, or reflect back to, the subject.

Related Words

These are words built on the same root word.

Relative Clause

This is a group of words having a subject and a verb that relates to something in the sentence.

Relative Pronoun

This pronoun relates a noun to another noun in the sentence.

Root Word

This is a word related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral word. It is also the part of the word after all affixes have been removed.

Run-on Sentence

This results when independent clauses have not been joined correctly.

Semicolon

This is a punctuation mark that is used between clauses of a compound sentence when a conjunction is not used, before conjunctive adverbs that join independent clauses, and in a series when the series already contains commas.

Sentence Fragment

This is a group of words that does not have both a subject and a verb and cannot stand alone. It may be punctuated and capitalized as a sentence, but it does not constitute a complete sentence

Sentence Order

This is the organization of sentences.

Sentence Pattern

This is the word order for a complete thought. It is usually SUBJECT-VERB-OBJECT.

Simple Sentence

This is an independent clause with no subordinate clauses.

Source

A person, book, document, website or record that provides information.

Specialized Dictionary

This is a book listing words or other linguistic items in a particular category or subject with specialized information about them.

Stem

This is the part of a word to which we attach an affix (prefix or suffix).

Strategy

This is any kind of mental action used by a student to comprehend and make meaning out of a reading text.

Subject

This is always a person, place, thing, or idea, that the sentence is about.

Subject Verb Agreement

This is a rule that the subject and verb must be the same in number.

Subordinating Conjunction This type of word introduces a subordinate

or dependent, clause and designates its relation to the rest of the sentence. Examples: after, although, as, because, since, so that, unless, until when, where, and why.

Suffix

This can be added to the end of a word to change the word's meaning.

Superlative Adjective

This is used to compare 3 or more nouns. It takes a large idea and gives its essential meaning in a brief grouping of words.

Synonym

This is a word or phrase that has the same or almost the same meaning as another word or phrase.

Syntax

This refers to the ordering of elements in a sentence.

Thesaurus

This is a book of synonyms.

Usage

This is the way words and phrases are utilized correctly in written or spoken language.

Verb

This is a word that denotes action, occurrence or existence.

Verb Form

This relates to the principal parts of words that show action or states of being.

Verb Tense

This indicates the time of the action or state of being.

Vocabulary

All the words in a language; the words used for a specific content or task. Synonym:lexicon.

Word Origin

This tells when and how a word originated and developed into modern English.

Word Recognition

This is the ability to analyze and interpret the graphic symbols for words. This includes understanding as well as pronunciation.

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