Chapter 37: The Eisenhower Era

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Election of 1952

Dwight D. Eisenhower wins

Anti-Communist vote

Chooses Richard Nixon as his running mate in order to bring in the _________.

Suburbia

expands rapidly

David Riesman

become social critics who openly criticized the mass media culture of the 1950's saying that Americans had become affluent conformists unable to think for themselves (not Whyte)

William H. Whyte Jr.

become social critics who openly criticized the mass media culture of the 1950's saying that Americans had become affluent conformists unable to think for themselves (not Riesman)

technology

Prosperity sweeps the nation as __________leads the way.

Betty Friedan

gave focus and fuel to women's feelings in 1963 when she published "The Feminine Mystique"

television

In terms of politics, ___________ threatened the traditional roles of political parties.

political messages

Applied the standards of show business and commercialism to
___________ .

short slogans

Encouraged reliance on ___________ and sound bites.

affection (and) respect

Dwight D. Eisenhower's greatest asset as President was his enjoyment of the ___________ and ___________ of the American People.

US Army

McCarthy's anticommunist crusade ends when he attacks this group for allegedly sheltering communists

African Americans

A gap between American ideals and racial practices revealed by WWII led to a new militancy and restlessness among many ___________ .

Jim Crow

In an effort to overturn ___________ laws and the segregated system that they had created, African Americans:
• Staged economic boycotts
• Attacked the underpinnings of segregation in the courts
• Black churches became staging points for black rights
• Adopted the non-violent tactics of Gandhi

Paul Robeson

singer who criticized American racial policies in Europe; as a result, the State Department revoked his passport

Supreme Court

The ___________ began to advance the cause of civil rights in the 1950's because Congress and the Presidency had largely abdicated their responsibilities by ignoring the problem.

Truman

he ignored Pres. Eisenhower's advice against integrating the armed forces

Brown vs. the Board of Education

1954 Supreme Court case that ruled racially segregated school systems were inherently unequal

Earl Warren

chief justice on the Brown vs. the Board of Education case

Little Rock Nine

Nine black teenagers who integrated Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957 and became the focus of a national crisis that required the intervention of federal troops to resolve.

Martin Luther King Jr

arrested for the first time in 1955 for organizing a bus boycott

300

King was arrested this many times; each arrest was calculated in order to challenge a law in court

Earl Warren

was thought to be a staunch conservative because of his role with putting the Japanese in internment camps; turns out to be one of the most liberal judges in US history

SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee)

Grew out of the sit-in movement launched by young southern blacks

Dynamic Conservatism

President Eisenhower defines his domestic policy as this

Dawes Severalty Act

Eisenhower wanted a return to the ___________ of 1887 when dealing with Native Americans (forced assimilation).

Francis Gary Powers

pilot of the U-2 plane shot down by the U.S.S.R.

Dienbienphu

falls to Ho Chi Minh's communist forces; Eisenhower refuses to permit any American involvement

John Foster Dulles

Eisenhower's vehemently anticommunist Secretary of State

Operation Wetback

massive round up of illegal immigrants; as many as 1 million Mexicans were apprehended and returned to Mexico in 1954

Eisenhower Doctrine (1957)

pledging U.S. military and economic aid to Middle Eastern nations threatened by communist aggression

Britain (and) France

The US condemned ___________ and ___________ as the aggressors in the Suez Canal Crisis.

CIA

The ___________ organized revolutions and assassinations in both Iran and Guatemala.

Sputnik

launched into orbit by the USSR

Election of 1956

Eisenhower wins in a landslide

Castro and Che Guevera

overthrow the Cuban government in favor of communism (two people)

Election of 1960

Nixon vs. JFK

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