Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Absolutism

Form of government where the monarch has total control. ex. Peter the Great in Russia or Louis XIV in France.

Anarchism

idea that NO government is better than any idea of government yet conceived.

capitalism

economic system based on free market, open competition, profit motive and private ownership of the means of production. encourages private investment and businesses. It is the development of Adam Smith's laissez-faire ideas outlined in his definition of capitalism, 'An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations'.

Cartesian Dualism

Descarte's belief that there is a divide between religion and science

Chartism

political reforms that would favor the interests of skilled British workers in the 1830s and 1840s

conservatism

The idea that all change is BAD, and it should be slowed or fought so it doesn't happen.

Darwinism

"survival of the fittest" theory to explain evolution in nature to social relationships

deism

The idea that there is an all-powerful entity who created the universe, but just stepped back to watch it work. the clockmaker.

Economic Liberalism

Always supported laissez faire, applied supply and demand to jobs-advocated by David Ricardo

Empiricism

advocated by Francis Bacon; believed in inductive reasoning ( going from a small idea to a big idea )

existentialism

20th cent. philosophy where each individual person is in charge of giving meaning to their own lives.

fascism

A nationalist system where the state and big business partners eliminate worker rights and any resistance to governmental or corporate power. aka nationalism on steroids. Ex: Mussolini in Italy.

humanism

Ideal of human possibilities that came from the revival of Greco- Roman literature or art, very influential on the Renaissance.

imperialism

the doctrine that says a powerful country can control a weaker country militarily, economically, politically and spiritually. Ex: England in India or Belgium in Congo.

liberalism

Originating in the 19th Century, based on the idea that political change can make a society better than before. It supported democracy, laissez-faire and the removal of the Corn Laws. Led to utilitarianism and the reform movement.

Lutheranism/Protestantism

challenge to Catholic Church asking for justification by faith, Bible as sole authority, no need of clergy to interpret Bible, etc.

Marxism

Devised by Marx and Engeks. The state owns the means of production and citizens contribute what they can to society, while society gives each citizen what they need.

mercantilism

based on the belief that a national economy has to be strong and self-sufficient. The country must be on the "favorable" balance of trade, where a country exports MORE than it imports. opposed by capitalists.

nationalism

the idea that everyone with the same language, traditions, ideas, ideals, culture, heritage, etc. should have their own nation, and love that nation.hu7

Political Liberalism

idea of Locke to achieve a free society governed by constitution that supported individual rights

Rationalism

advocated by Descartes, featured deductive reasoning ( going from a big idea to a small idea )

Revisionist Socialism

instead of believing that the proletariat should take power by violence it should happen through democratization of the government

romanticism

artistic movement in the mid to late 1800s. Depicted the beauty of nature and opposed the scientific revolution. "Sturm und Drang"= Storm and Stress

socialism

Idea that the government should manage the economy or aspects of the economy for the good of the people. Thought workers were unfairly treated. rejected laissez-faire and questioned the validity of the concept of private property.

totalitarianism

Idea that the government should control ALL aspects of the lives of the citizens. Ex: Stalin and Hitler.

utilitarianism

Jeremy Bentham's ideas; "the greatest good for the greatest number". Led to running water in England (and eventually the world)

Utopian Socialism

featured a community where everyone worked together to help each other

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set