5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Taiping uprising
- Tupac Amaru
- Latin American Revolution
- Indian Cotton Textiles
- Colonial Tribalism
- a The last Inca emperor; in the 1780s, a Native American rebellion against Spanish control of Peru took place in his name.
- b For much of the eighteenth century, well-made and inexpensive cotton textiles from India flooded Western markets; the competition stimulated the British textile industry to industrialize, which led to the eventual destruction of the Indian textile market both in Europe and in India.
- c Massive Chinese rebellion that devastated much of the country between 1850 and 1864; it was based on the millenarian teachings of Hong Xiuquan.
- d Series of risings in the Spanish colonies of Latin America (1810-1826) that established the independence of new states from Spanish rule but that for the most part retained the privileges of the elites despite efforts at more radical social rebellion by the lower classes.
- e A European tendency, especially in African colonies, to identify and sometimes invent distinct "tribes" that had often not existed before, reinforcing European notions that African societies were primitive.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The most influential proponent of socialism, he (1818-1883) was a German expatriate in England who advocated working-class revolution as the key to creating an ideal communist future.
- Socially radical peasant insurrection that began in Mexico in 1810 and that was led by the priests Miguel Hidalgo and José Morelos.
- Prominent West African scholar and political leader (1832-1912) who argued that each civilization, including that of Africa, has its own unique contribution to make to the world.
- Two wars fought between Western powers and China (1839-1842 and 1856-1858) after China tried to restrict the importation of foreign goods, especially opium; China lost both wars and was forced to make major concessions.
- An international movement that between approximately 1780 and 1890 succeeded in condemning slavery as morally repugnant and abolishing it in much of the world; the movement was especially prominent in Britain and the United States.
5 True/False Questions
Matthew Perry → Term used to describe the revolutionary violence in France in 1793-1794, when radicals under the leadership of Maximilien Robespierre executed tens of thousands of people deemed enemies of the revolution.
Socialism in the United States → Fairly minor political movement in the United States, at its height in 1912 gaining 6 percent of the vote for its presidential candidate.
Social Darwinism → An application of the concept of "survival of the fittest" to human history in the nineteenth century.
Crimean War → Major international conflict (1854-1856) in which British and French forces defeated Russia; the defeat prompted reforms within Russia.
Tanzimat Reforms → Term commonly used to describe areas such as Latin America and China that were dominated by Western powers in the nineteenth century but that retained their own governments and a measure of independence.