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Arcs and quizzes from the sheets given to us by Mrs.Mulling.

First two party system 1780 1801

Federalists v republicans

Federalists

Strong central government
Loose Interpretation of constitution
Strongest in NE
Wanted close ties with Britain
Order and stability

Republicans 1801

States rights
Strict interpretation of const
Rural and agricultural life
South and west was strongest
Trust in ppl and civil liberties

Second two party system 1836-1850

Democrats v Whigs

Democrats 1836-1850

Wanted tradition
Spoke to fears of Americans
Opposed banks and corporations
Jeffersonians who favored rural life
Territorial expansion v land by war
Slavery states rights

Whigs

Modernization
Looked to the future
Use federal and states to promote economic growth in transportation and banks
Temperance schools and prison reforms
Urbanization over farms
Federal rights commercial expansion
Favored by the northerners

Mid 19th century political crisis

Liberty party free soil party Whigs American party republican party

Liberty party 1850s

1844 abolitionist James birney ran
Mainly took votes from Whigs

Free soil party

Not for abolition but did not want the expansion of slavery
Won ten% of pop vote with Martin van buren
Lost a lot of support in1852 when their candidate repudiated compromise of 1850

Whigs 1850s

Split over slavery
Southern Whigs : cotton Whigs eventually turned democratic
Northern Whigs: moved to free soil and eventually repubs

Republicans 1850s

Free labor opposed expansion of slavery
Ab lincoln and others believed slavery was morally wrong but ok cause constitution allowed it

Election of 1860

Democrats v republicans

Democrats of 1860

Split at 1860 convention over slavery
Stephen Douglas Anti slavery demo
John breckenridge pro slavery demo

Republicans of 1860

Opposed slavery which drew in northerners

Politics of gilded Age

Repubs demos populists

Repubs demos in gilded age

Party differences are little
Both parties were pro business
Both opposed economic radicalism
Both wanted sound currency
Repubs dominate senate demos in house

Republican split groups during gilded age

Stalwarts half breeds mugwumps

Populist party gilded age

1891 by farmers alliance
Demands that included: free coinage of silver
Govt ownership of rr telegraphs and telephone lines
Direct election of senators
Use of initiative referendum and recall
Eventually fades cause farmers situations improved and agenda was taken on by other parties

Progressive era politics

1900-1920 laissez faire system
Reform progress reform progress
Principles of science to economics social and political aspects
Govt needed to work for good of community state and nation
Political parties were seen as corrupt

Progressive presidents and amendments

Roosevelt Taft Wilson
16 17 18 19

Republican era

1921 to 1933 presidents and congress dominated by republicans
Pro business
Conflicts with immigration prohibition and race relations

Political legacy of new deal

Creates a democrat party that would dominate politics 1933-1952.
New deal included ethnic groups, city dwellers,organized labor, blacks
Expanded social securities increased minimum wage full employment program slum clearance public housing government sponsorship in science research

Dixicrats

Souern conservative democrats
Oppossed civil rights plank
Nominated south Carolina governor storm Thurmond for president

Post world war 2 politics

Democrats v republicans

Democrats post ww2

Adlai Stevenson.
Gets the civil rights act and voting rights act

Republicans post ww2

Pro business Eisenhower
Promise to end Korean war
Oppose civil rights legislation

Nixons new federalism

Democrats Hubert Humphrey and support reproductive rights
Republicans:Richard Nixon small govt anti war and defender of the silent majority
Wanted to cut back federal power known as new federalism

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