Female Reproductive System

Created by kelly12333 

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paramesonephric duct

Female reproductive tract develops from the _____ because of the absence of testosterone and mullerian inhibiting factor.

internal

The ovaries , uterine tubes, uterus and vagina are considered _____ genitalia of the female reproductive system

external

The clitoris,labia minora and labia major are considered _____ genitalia of the female reproductive system.

ovaries

The primary sex organs for female is the _____

ovaries

The female gonads are the ____ which produce cells(ova) and sex hormones.

ovarian fossa

The ovary is an almond shaped organ nestled in the ________, a depression in the posterior pelvic wall

tunica albuginea

The capsule of the ovary is like that of the testis and is called the _______.

cortex, medulla

The interior of the ovary is indistinctly divided into an outer ___, where the germ cells develop, and a central ___ occupied by the major arteries and veins

follicle

Each egg develops into its own fluid-filled bubblelike ___

ovulation

The follicle is released by ____, which is the bursting of the follicle

ovarian ligament, suspensory ligament

The median pole of the ovary is attached to uterus by the ______ and its lateral pole is attached to the pelvic wall by the ________

mesovarium

The anterior margin of the ovary is anchored by a peritoneal fold called the _______

broad ligament

The mesovarium extends to a sheet of peritoneum called the _____, which flanks the uterus and encloses the uterine tube in superior margin

ovarian branch of the uterine artery , ovarian artery

The ovary receives blood from two arteries the _____ and ________

uterine tube(oviduct, fallopian tube)

_____ is a canal from the ovary to the uterus.

infundibulum

At the distal(ovarian) end the fallopian tube flares into a trumpet shaped ______

Fimbriae

The infundibulum of the fallopian tube has feathery projections called ______

ampulla

The middle and longest part of the uterine tube

mesosalpinx

The uterine tube is enfolded in the ___. which is the superior margin of the broad ligament

uterus

_____is a thick muscular chamber that opens into the roof of the vagina and usually tilts forward over the urinary bladder.

uterus

_____ function is to harbor the fetus, provide a source of nutrition and expel the fetus at the end of its development

cervix

The inferior end of the uterus is called the _____

cervical canal

The lumen communicates with the vagina by way of a narrow passage through the cervix called the __________

internal os

The superior opening of the cervical canal into the body of the uterus is the _____

external os

The opening of the cervical canal into the vagina is the _____

cervical glands

Found in the cervical canal that secrete mucus and are thought to prevent the spread of microorganisms from the vagina to the uterus

perimetrium, myometrium, endometrium

The uterine wall consists of an external serosa called _____, a middle muscular layer called the _____ and a inner mucosa called the _____

myometrium

The ____ constitutes most of the uterine wall

endometrium

The inner lining of the uterus or mucosa, is called the _____ which has a simple columnar epithelium.

stratum functionalis

The superficial half to two thirds of the endometrium that is shed in each menstrual period is called the _______

stratum basalis

The deep layer of the endometrium that stays behind and regenerates a new functionalis in the next cycle

endometrium

When pregnancy occurs, the ______ is the site of attachment of the embryo and forms the maternal part of the placenta form which the fetus is nourished

mesometrium

Part of the broad ligament is the _____ on each side of the uterus

cardinal (lateral cervical) ligaments

The cervix and superior part of the vagina are supported by ____ extending to the pelvic wall.

uterosacral ligaments

A pair of _____ attach the posterior side of the uterus to the sacrum

round ligaments

_____arise from the anterior surface of the uterus, pass through the inguinal canals and terminate in the labia majora

vesicouterine pouch

extensions of the peritoneal cavity that forms the space between the uterus and the urinary bladder

rectouterine pouch

extensions of the peritoneal cavity between the uterus and rectum are called the _____

uterine artery

_____arises from each internal iliac artery and travels through the broad ligament to the uterus. It gives off branches that penetrate into the myometrium and lead to arcuate arteries

vagina

A tube that allows for the discharge of menstrual fluid, receipt of the penis and semen, and birth of a baby. It tilts posteriorly between the urethra and rectum.

transudation

The vagina has no glands, but is lubricated by ____"vaginal sweating"

fornices

The vagina extends slightly beyond the cervix and forms blind-ended spaces call _____

vaginal rugae

The lower end of the vagina has transverse friction ridges or ___, which stimulate the penis and help induce ejaculation

hymen

At the vaginal orifice, the mucosa folds inward and forms a membrane, the ___, which stretches across the opening.

simple cuboidal, stratified squamous

The vaginal epithelium is ________ in childhood , but the estrogens of puberty transform it into a ______epithelium.

metaplasis

the transformation of one tissue type to another.

dendritic cells

The mucosa also has antigen presenting ______, which are a route by which HIV from infected semen invades the female body

vulva(pudendum)

The external genitalia of the female occupy most of the perineum and are collectively called the ____; they include the mons pubis, labia major and minor, clitoris, vaginal orifice, and accessory glands and erectile tissues

mons pubis

____consists mainly of a mound of adipose tissue overlying the pubic symphysis , bearing most of the pubic hair.

labia majora

_____ are a pair of thick folds of skin and adipose tissue inferior to the mons

pudendal cleft

Slit betwen the labia major is the ______

labia minora

Medial to the labia majora are the much thinner , entirely hairless _______

clitoris

The _____ is structured like the penis in many respects, but has no urinary pole. Its function is entirely sensory
-has no corpus spongiosum
-almost entirely internal

breast

a mound of tissue overlying the pectoralis major

mammary gland

develops within the breast during pregnancy, remains active in the lactating breast and atrophies when a woman ceases to nurse

areola

The nipple is surround by a circular colored zone called the _____

areolar glands

visible small bumps of the surface of the breast

suspensory ligaments

attach the breast to the dermis of the overlying skin and to the fascia of the pectoralis major

lactiferous duct, lactiferous sinus

Each lobe of the breast during pregnancy is drained by a ______, which dilates to form a _____ opening onto the nipple

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