Delmar Medical Terminology: Ch. 3

81 terms by Adewunmi 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Allied Med 500

Acetabulum

Large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint.

Ankyl/o

Crooked, bent, or stiff

Chondr/o

Cartilage

Cost/o

Rib

Crani/o

Skull

-desis

Surgical fixation of bone or joint

Kyph/o

Hump

Lord/o

Bent backward

Scoli/o

Curved

Spondyl/o

Vertebrae

Oss/e, Oss/i, Oste/o, Ost/o

Bone

Allogenic

Originating within another

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae

Arthodesis

Surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a join, such as an ankle, elbow, or shoulder. Done to treat severe arthritis or damaged joint.

Arthrolysis

Surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint

Arthroscopy

Visual examination of the internal structure of a joint

Autologous

Originating within an individual

Bone Marrow Transplant/BMT

Healthy bone marrow stem cells are transfused into recipient's blood. These cells migrate to the spongy bone , where they multiply to form cancer-free red bone marrow

Chondroma

Slow growing benign derived from cartilage cells

Chondromalacia

Abnormal softening of cartilage

Comminuted fracture

Fracture in which bone is splintered or crushed

Compression fracture

Occurs when bone is pressed together on itself.

Costochondritis

Inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum

Craniostenosis

Malformation of the skull due to the premature closure of the skull sutures

Crepitation

Grating sound heard when the ends of a broken bone move together

Dual X-ray Absorptiometry/DXA

Low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips to measure bone density

Fibrous Dysplasia

Bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous tissue, which leads to uneven growth, brittleness, and deformity of the affected bones.

Hallux Valgus

Abnormal enlargement of the join tat the base of the great toe

Fracture/fx

Broken bone

Hemarthrosis

Blood within a joint. Due to injury, hemophilia or to patients on blood-thinning meds.

Hemopoietic

Pertaining to the formation of blood cells

Open Reduction Internal Fixation/ORIF

...

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

Autoimmune disorder that affects children aged 16 years or less with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint welling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth a, and fatigue.

Kyphosis

Abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side.

Laminectomy

Surgical removal of a lamina, or posterior portion, of a vertebra

Lordosis

Abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine bent backward

Lumbago

Pain of the lumbar region of the spine

Malleolus

Rounded bony protuberance on each side of the ankle

Manubrium

Bony structure that forms the upper part of the sternum

Metacarpals

Five bones that form palm of the hand

Metatarsals

Bones that form the part of the foot to which toes are attached

Myeloma

Type of cancer that occurs in blood-making cells found in the red bone marrow

Open Fracture

One in which the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug/ NSAID

Relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation; ex. Ibuprofen and naproxen

Orthopedic Surgeon

Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles

Orthotic

Mechanical appliance, such as a leg brace or splint, that is specially designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function

Osteitis

Inflammation of bone

Osteoarthritis/OA

Wear-and-tear arthritis, degenerative desease that is characterized by wearing away of the articular cartilage within the joints.

Osteochondroma

Benign bony projection covered with cartilage

Osteoclasis

Surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity

Osteomalacia

Abnormal softening of bones in adults

Osteomyelitis

Inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone

Osteonecrosis

Death of bone tissue due to lack of insufficient blood supply

Osteopenia

Thinner than average bone density in a young person

Osteoporosis

Marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity that is frequently associated with aging.

Osteorrhaphy

Surgical suturing, or wiring together, of bones

Paget's disease

Bone disease of unknown cause. Characterized by the excessive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation. New bone is structurally enlarged but weakened and filled with new blood vessels.

Partial Knee Replacement/PKR

Procedure in which only part of the knee is replaced

Pathologic Fracture

Weakened bone breaks under normal strain. Bones weakened by osteoporosis or to a disease process like cancer

Percutaneous Vertebroplasty

Bone cement is injected to stabilize compression fractures within the spinal column

Periostitis

Inflammation of the periosteum

Podiatrist

Holds a Doctor of Podiatry degree and specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot

Prosthesis

Substitute for a diseased or missing body part

Rheumatoid Arthritis/RA

Chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked

Rickets

Deficiency disease occurring in children

Scoliosis

Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine

Spina bifida

Congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy when the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it

Spiral fracture

Fracture in which the bone has been twisted apart

Spondylolisthesis

Forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it.

Spondylosis

Degenerative disorder that can cause the loss of normal spinal structure and function

Subluxation

Partial displacement of a bone from it joint

Synovectomy

Surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint.

Total Hip Replacement/THR

Plastic lining is fitted into acetabulum and head of femur is removed and replaced with a metal ball attached with a metal shaft that is fitted into the femur

Total Knee Replacement/TKR

All parts of the knee were replaced

Vertebra/Vertebrae

Bony structure units of the spinal column

Burs/o

Bursa, fibrous sac that acts as cushion to ease movement in areas that are subject to friction

Synovi/o, Synov/o

Synovial membrane

Calcium Drug Classification

Treat and prevent hypocalcemia; ex. Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Citrate

Bone Reabsorption (or resorption) Inhibitor Drug Classification

Decreases release of enzyme that causes bone cell breakdown; ex. Alendronate, ibanodronate (boniva)

Opioid Drug Classification

Relieve moderate to severe pain; ex. Fentanyl, hydromorphone, meperidine (Demerol), Morphine, Propoxyphene hydrochloride

Salicylate Drug Classification

Relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation; ex. aspirin

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set