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Where did the name "minoan" come from?

The Minoan culture was named after the legendary king of Crete, King Minos.

Where the Minoans traders or conquerors?

they were traders

Knossos

the main city of the Minoan culture. Also where they Minoan leaders lived. A Greek myth of the labyrinth took place here

The Achaeans

the people who fought the Trojans in the Trojan War.

Minos

means "king" so King Minos means King King

The Achaeans/Mycenaeans

the first "real" Greeks. lived on the Greek mainland. They were Indo/European people and were very violent.

The Dorians

all about war, were the reason for the dark ages, took over the Mycenaens. went back to pre civilization stage.

Classical Greece

the golden age of Greece it was an age of growth

The Polis

a Greek city-state. had two main parts: the acropolis and the walled main city.

The Acropolis

the temple area of the city, usually on a hilltop, that included temples to various gods and goddesses

Walled Main City

the area on flat land that included markets, theaters, other public buildings and homes.

Persian Wars

Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire

Monarchy

rule by a crowned head

Aristocracy

rule by a small landholding noble elite

Oligarchy

rule by a small powerful elite, usually business class (after the rise of the middle class)

Middle Class

not poor, not nobility, and has money

Sparta

Greek city-state started by the Dorians int he Southern Peloponnese. it was ruled by a dual monarchy and is known for its strong military

Athens

the center for learning and culture in Ancient Greece. ruled by a monarchy then an aristocracy then a tyranny then a democracy.

Merchants

who were becoming wealthy but did not have much power

Soldiers

who felt they were doing crucial work for the city-state but without a voice in government

Artisans

who came from foreign places and were not citizens

Farmers

who fed the population but were not considered important

the Archon

the man who actually ran Athens during the time of the aristocracy

Solon was an archron and he

outlawed debt slavery and freed debt slaves
gave citizenship to some foreigners
gave the assembly greater voice in government
encouraged eco reforms

Women in Athens

Upper class women were secluded at home and not allowed in public life. Poorer women worked as shepherds or artisans

Education

Women were not educated, but men's education was not confined only to military matters. They were taught music, poetry, speaking, and writing. They were especially taught to speak well so they would be effective citizens in the assembly.

Greek Religion

was polytheistic.

Non Greeks were considered

barbaric

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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