enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific sites and have become one of the basic tools of molecular biology.
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
a process that enables scientists to make many copies (molecular clones) of the isolated DNA
analysis of fragments of DNA as a form of identification, used often in the criminal justice system
The scientific description of the complete set of DNA in the human organism, including gene locations
technique that uses recombination frequencies to determine where the genes are located on the chromosomes.
enzymes that help manipulate DNA molecules. They recognize a specific DNA sequence and cut the DNA at or near that site.
Cutting (digesting) requires energy in the form of ATP and involves a physical cleaving of chemical bonds
sequence reads the same back and front. Most of the specific recognition sites where the cuts happen occur in-
relatively small extrachromosomal and circular molecule of DNA found in bacteria and yeasts (pUC 19)