Ritual cleansing of the entire body; an act of purification so that an individual can participate in prayer, attend the mosque or touch the Qur'an.
Traditions based on the teachings and sayings of the Prophet. They are the second source of law for Muslims; the Qur'an is the first source.
The migration of Muhammad from Makkah to Madinah. The Islamic lunar calendar begins from the lunar year of the hijrah ( 622 CE).
Literally means "striving" ; striving to obey the commands of God; often translated by non - Muslims as holy war.
The practice of having more than one wife at a time; under certain conditions, Islam allows for men to marry up to four wives.
The holy book of Islam, seen as God's word and not Muhammad's word even though Muhammad conveyed it.
A special infallible kind of inspiration ( Arabic: wahi) reserved for only those who are appointed by God as Prophets ( as distinct from a normal kind of inspiration experienced by other people).
Ritual prayer ( or service of worship) that takes place before dawn, early afternoon, late-afternoon, soon after sunset and then an hour and a half later in the evening; the second Pillar of the Islamic faith.
Mandatory fasting during Ramadan, the ninth month. Muslims may fast on several other occasions in addition to this; the fourth Pillar of the Islamic faith.
The Islamic creed or declaration of faith: There is no god but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God. It is the first Pillar of the Islamic faith.
Ablution; ritual cleansing of certain parts of the body performed prior to salat prayers, other acts of worship and other religious practices; literally and spiritually means "making pure or radiant."