Ankle n Foot

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26

How many bones in the foot?

19

How many muscles in the foot?

Supination

What is the foot in when it lands a heel strike when walking?

Pronation

What does the foot fall into during the midstance of a run?

Supination

What does the foot fall into after the midstance into toe off position?

Calcaneous and talus

What 2 bones is the body weight balanced on after it leaves the tibia?

Medial cuneform and and base of 1st metatarsal

Where is the insertion for the Tibialis anterior?

Inferior Tibiofibular ligament

What is involved with a high ankle sprain?

Talocrural joint

What is the ankle joint called?

Hinge or ginglymus

What kind of joint is the talocrural joint?

Condyloid

What kind of joint is the metatarsophalangeal joint?

45

How far does the metatarsophalangeal joint flex?

70

How far does the metatarsophalangeal joint extend?

0-90

How far does the interphalangeal joint extend then go to flexion?

0-35

How far does the Proximal interphalangeal joint in the lesser toes flex then extend to?

Tearing of one or more ligaments

What is a sprain?

Excessive inversion

Why does and ankle sprain happen?

1st metatarsal to 5th metatarsal

Where does the transverse arch extend on the foot?

Toes towards anterior tibia

Where do the toes point in dorsiflexion?

Dense Fascia

What lower leg muscles surrounds the legs to prevent swelling during exercise?

Stretching plantar flexors and strength dorsiflexors

What is a good way to prevent shin splints?

Active and passive dorsiflexion

How can you prevent calf cramps?

Plantar flexion of ankle and flexion of the knee

What 2 things do the gastrocnemius do?

Plantar flexion of the ankle

What does the soleous do?

Eversion of the foot and plantar flexion of the ankle

What 2 things does the peroneus Longus do?

Eversion of the foot abd plantar flexion of the ankle

What 2 things does the Peroneus Brevis do?

Dorsiflexion of the ankle and eversion of the foot

What 2 thins does the Peroneus Tertius do?

Extention of 4 lesser toes, dorsiflexion of ankle and eversion of the foot

What 3 things does the Extensor Digitorum Longus do?

Dorsiflexion of ankle and extention of great toe

What 2 things does the Extensor Hallucis Longus do?

Inversion of foot and dorsiflexion of the ankle

What 2 things does the tibialis anterior do?

Plantar flexion of the ankle and inversion of the foot

What 2 things does the tibialis posterior do?

Flexion of 4 lesser toes, inversion of foot and plantar flexion of the ankle

What 3 things does the flexor digitorum longus do?

Tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus and fibularis

What 3 muscles are agonists during ankle dorsiflexion?

Soleous and gastrocnemius

What 2 muscles are agonists during ankle plantar flexion?

Flexor hallucis longus and flexor digitorum longus

What 2 muscles are agonists to toe flexion?

Extensor hallucis longus and extensor digitorum longus

What 2 muscle are agonists to toe extention?

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