language allows one to understand the thoughts of another
Relation between a word and what it refers to is arbitrary
Ex. equivalent words in different languages
Ex. subtract, take away, minus =arbitrary, essentially same thing
3) Meaningful structure
All languages are patterned so larger structures build in a sensible way on smaller ones
4) Multiplicity of structure
All meaningful utterances can be analyzed at many levels
-Any language can produce an infinite number of sentences
-Children are using language creatively every day of their lives
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