deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns
the concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital
the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, with an updated "text revision"; a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
an integrated perspective that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis
All clinical disorders EXCEPT personality disorders and mental retardation
personality disorders and mental retardation
A legal status indicating that a person cannot be held responsible for his or her actions because of mental illness.
suggests that a person may be genetically predisposed for a mental disorder that remains unexpressed until triggered by stress
psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
an anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable minutes-long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations
irrational fears of specific objects or situations.
A disorder that involves an irrational fear of being publicly humiliated or embarrassed
A disorder whose symptoms are obsessions (persistent and irrational thoughts or wishes) and compulsions (uncontrollable, repetitive acts), which seem to be defenses against anxiety
post-traumatic stress disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/ or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience.
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes
major depressive disorder
a mood disorder in which a person, for no apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminishes interest or pleasure in most activities
a mood disorder involving a pattern of comparatively mild depression that lasts for at least two years
a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania
A mood disorder characterized by moderate but frequent mood swings that are not severe enough to qualify as bipolar disorder