history ch. 7

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America's great distance from Britain helped the colonists gain a considerable degree of freedom from British Control

True

The Theory of Mercantilism was based on the idea that colonies existed primarily for the economic benefit of the mother country

True

British mercantilism forbade the importation of any non British good into the colonies

False. they could as long as they were taxed in England first

In practice, British mercantilism provided the colonies with substantial economic benefits such as military protection and guaranteed markets for certain goods

True

The Purpose of Grenville's Sugar Act, Quartering Act, and Stamp Act was to make the colonists pay a portion of the high costs of marinating British troops in America

True

Americans generally accepted the right of Parliament to tax the colonies to provide money for defense but denied the right to legislate about matters affecting colonial affairs.

false. other way around, they allowed parliament to legislate but not tax

When America cried "no taxation without representation" what they first wanted was to be represented in british parliament.

false. they didnt want to be represented they wanted to decide for themselves

the colonies finally forced repeal of the stamp act by organizing political protests and enforcing nonimportation agreements against the british goods

true

colonial resistance to the townshed acts' import taxes was even more violent and effective than the stamp act.

false, less affective and organized

After the boston massacre the british government pursued even harsher enforcement of the townshend act

false. townshend acts repealed in 1770

resistance to the tea tax was kept alive by the agitation of the committees of correspondence

true

the colonists considered the quebec act especially oppressive because it appeared to extend the domain of roman catholicism

true

The first continental congress proclaimed that the colonies would declare independence from britian unless the grievances were redressed

false. they only wanted end to british taxing, not independence

one fundemental American asset in the impending war with britian was a well trained military force of volunteers

false. britian had the better arm

a key british advantage was that they did not have to defeat all the american forces but only fightin in order to crush the revolution

false, other way around, america had an advantage because they only had to drag out the war and defend

the british theory of mercantilism, by which the colonies were governed held that:

the colonial economy should be carefully controlled to serve the mother country's needs

one of the ways in which mercantilism harmed the colonial economy was:

by inhibiting the development of banking and paper currency in the colonies

teh mobilization of "nonimportation" policies against the stamp act was plitically important because

it aroused revolutionary fever amount many ordinary american men and women

the british troops killed in the boston massacre had been sent to the city as a result of

disruptive colonial resistance to the townshend acts' tax on tea and other products

the british reacted to the boston tea party by

closing the port of boston until damages were pain and order restored

american colonists especially resented the townshend acts because

the revenues from the taxation would go to support british officials and judges in america

the passage of the quebec act aroused intense american fears because

it extended catholic jurisdiction and a not jury judicial system into the western Ohio country

the most important action the continental congress took to protest the intolerable acts was

the formation of the association to impose a complete boycott of all british goods

the event that prcipitated the first real shooting between the british and american colonists was

the british attempt to seize colonial supplies and leasers at lexington and concord

the british gov at the time of the american revolution was headed by

lord north

The american rebellion was esp dangerous to the british because the british were also worried about

possible revolts in ireland and war with france

the british political pary that was generally more sympathetic to the american case was

the whig party

one of the advantages the british enjoyed in the impending conflict with the colonies was

the ability to enlish foreign soldiers, loyalists, and native americans in their military forces

one of the advantages the colonists enjoyed in the impending conflict with britian was

fighting defensively on a large, agriculturally self-sufficient continent

in the revolutionary war, african-americans

fought in both the american patriot and british loyalists military forces

the basic economic and political theory by which the seventeenth and eighteenth century european powers governed their overseas colonies

mercantilism

the set of parliamentary laws, first passed in 1650, that restricted colonial trade and directed it to the benefit of britian

navigation acts

the term for products, such as tobacco that could be shipped only to england and not to foreign markets

enumerated goods

hated british courts in which juries were not allowed and defendants were assumed guilty until proven innocent

vice admiralty court

british government theory that parliament spoke for all british subjects, including americans, even if they did not vote for its members

virtual representation

the effective form of organized colonial resistance agains the stamp act, which made homesupn clothing fashionable

boycotts

the item taxed under the townshend acts that generated teh greatest colonial resistance

tea

underground networks of communication and propaganda established by samuel adams that sustained colonial resistance

commitees of correspondence

British politcal pary opposed to Lord North's Tories and generally more sympathetic to colonial cause

English Whigs

German mercenaries hired by George III to fight the american revolutionaries

Hessians

Currency authorized by congress to finance the revolution and depreciated to near worthlessness

continental

effective organization created by the first continental congress to provide a total, unified boycott of all british goods

the association

Rapidly mobilized colonial militiamen whos refusal to disperse sparked the first battle of the revolution

minutemen

term for british regular troops, scorned as "lobster backs" and "bloody backs" by the bostonians and other colonials

redcoats

British minister who raised a storm of protest by passing the stamp act

george grenville

legislation passed in 1765 but repealed the next year, after colonial resistance made it impossible to enforce

stamp act

body, led by john adams, that ordered the association to boycott all british goods

first continental congress

legislation that required colonists to feed and shelter british troops and led to suspension of the New york legislature upon its refusal to obey

quartering act

nineteen year old major general in the revolutionary army

marquis de lafayette

wealthy president of the continental congress and "king of smugglers"

john hancock

minister whose clever attempt to impose import taxes nearly succeeded by eventually brewed trouble for britian

"champagne charley" townshend

zealous defender fo the common peoples rights and organizer of underground propaganda committes

samuel adams

harsh measures of retaliation for a tea party, including the boston port act

intolerable acts

stubborn ruler, lustful for power, served by complaint ministers like lord north

George III

alleged leader of radical protestors killed in boston massacre

crispus attucks

organizational genius who turned raw colonial recruits into though professional soldiers

baron von steuben

women and men who enforced the nonimportaition agreements, sometimes by coercive means

sons and daughters of liberty

british royal governor who encouraged runaway slaves to join his army

lord dunmore

event organized and disguised as "indians" to sabotage british of british east india company monompoly

boston tea party

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