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realism

This is "Tenant Farmer's Wife, Hale County, Alabama," 1936, by Walker Evans. What art criteria would be appropriate for a discussion/evaluation of this work?

contextualism (feminism)

This is "After Walker Evans," 1981, by Sherry Levine. What art criteria would be appropriate for a discussion/evaluation of this work?

porcelain pottery

These objects are called "china" because some of the finest has come from China for centuries.

Arts and Crafts Movement

This movement, in the 19th century, sought to revive the pride in handicraft associated with the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

kiln

Ceramics are shaped, dried and then "fired" (essentially baked) in this.

weaving

"Warp" and "weft" are terms associated with this craft, with ancient beginnings.

transparent

Glass involves light in unique ways because of this singular property.

bamboo

The Japanese have used this grass material for many millennia.

glaze

What do we call the baked-in coating used to seal the porous surface of a ceramics object?

it disintegrates over time

What is one major drawback of using wood for art objects or handicrafts.

ceramics

While most paintings from ancient Greece haven't survived, they left many excellent examples of their painting on what.

Gothic

Stained glass is associated with what style of Middle Ages architecture?

Versailles

Louis XIV of France (The Sun King) created this pinnacle of baroque opulence as a massive palace which included hundreds of rooms, expansive gardens and a private zoo.

Rococo

This period of the late baroque is known for excessive ornamentation and frivolous aristocratic subject matter.

Borromini

This Italian baroque architect juxtaposed convex and concave surfaces that made walls seem to ripple

tenebrism

This painting technique, popular with baroque painters, focuses a harsh light on the foreground subject, contrasted against a shadowy background.

Jefferson

This US President and architect created a classical style of architecture that embodied the ideals of the new American democracy.

Vermeer

This Dutch baroque artist, known as a master of light, painted scenes of quiet, domestic interiors ("Girl with Pearl Earring" is probably his best known work).

Holland

The baroque still life was popular in this country with its bourgeois art patrons and their interest in paintings that showed the trappings of wealth and success in commerce and international trade.

Velazquez

This painter pretty much defines the Spanish baroque.

Caravaggio

This Italian baroque painter is recognized as bringing a new realism and dramatic intensity into art.

Rubens

This Flemish painter is known for his respect for classical tradition, his depiction of baroque-style violence, and his taste for voluptuous women

neo-classical

This 18th century artistic style marked a return to the ideals of the ancient Greek and Roman republics.

acrylic

This modern art media is synthetic and water-based, dries quickly and allows for very thin or very thick applications of paint.

collage

Popular with Dadaists, this technique involves cutting and pasting various materials on canvas or board.

charcoal

A most ancient of mediums, this was even used to draw on cave walls during the Paleolithic.

mosaic

Byzantine art, rich with the use of colored glass in this medium, often gives the impression of gold light.

oil paint on stretched canvas

This painting medium was one of the key new innovations in art during the Renaissance.

pigment

Particles that make-up the color component of a paint are called what?

graphite

The "lead" in a pencil is actually a mixture of carbon and clay, heated in an oven. This material is called what?

gouache

What do we call watercolor, mixed with a white pigment like chalk, creating an opaque medium with rich, strong colors?

encaustic

What is the media called where pigments are mixed with a binder of beeswax.

chalk

Pulverized minerals and fossil shells mixed with gum resin are compressed to make what art medium?

lithography

This printmaking technique, typically using stone plates, takes advantage of the fact that oil and water do not mix.

intaglio (etching)

This printmaking technique, more like drawing, cuts an image onto a metal plate with an acid bath.

relief

Linocut, using linoleum blocks, is a newer version of this basic printmaking technique

lithography

Your textbook is made using this printmaking technique.

intaglio (engraving)

US currency is made using this basic printmaking technique.

relief

Japanese artists of the Ukiyo-e school, in 19th century Edo, excelled in this multi-colored woodblock technique.

silk screen

With this printmaking technique a squeegee produces smooth areas of color by pressing ink through a stencil onto the paper.

Rembrandt

This Northern European baroque artist was well known for his etchings, making nearly 300 in his lifetime.

drypoint

This intaglio technique is different than engraving, in that it doesn't actually cut metal from the plate, but rather displaces it.

intaglio

This printmaking technique has ancient beginnings, dating back to cylinder seals from Sumeria, c. 2600 BC.

Seurat

This Post-Impressionist painter approached the use of color with an almost scientific rigor, developing his pointillistic technique and exploiting the phenomenon of optical mixture.

Impressionism

The painters of this movement were interested in the reality of vision, studying light and color, and using brushstrokes so prominent that the paint itself became a subject of the work.

Cezanne

This Post-Impressionist painter's faceted brushstrokes led to new spatial developments that would become "Cubism" (to be explored by Braque and Picasso).

Degas

Photography was a major influence on this artist's work, as evidenced by his pictures of ballerinas and horse races, with asymetrical compositions, and tilted angles with extreme cropping, as if the works were candid camera shots.

the sublime

What do we call the idea of awestruck wonder in response to the grandeur of nature, that was an aspect of many artworks from the Romantic Movement.

Realism

While often listed as an Impressionist, Manet's use of common people, un-idealized proportions and in-your-face subject matter, groups him with this French movement that started in the 1840s.

Gauguin

This Post-Impressionist artist moved to Tahiti, painting many pictures of the natives that alluded to symbolic and exotic spiritual contexts.

Toulouse-Lautrec

This Post-Impressionist artist created many color lithographs of Parisian night-life as advertising posters. They continue to be popular works of art today.

Goya

This early 19th century artist was outspoken against the corruption and vice, of the Court and the Church in Spain, reflecting the politically engaged spirit of Modernism while pre-dating it by a century.

Tanner

This African-American painter, although working in Paris, is one of the major proponents of 19th century American Realism.

ready-made

Marcel Duchamp is credited with inventing this type of sculpture, his "Fountain" considered one of the first (if not most controversial).

ready-made

Marcel Duchamp is credited with inventing this type of sculpture, his "Fountain" considered one of the first (if not most controversial).

forging

Traditionally, a blacksmith is involved with this sculpting technique.

kinetic

A copper weathervane, moving in the wind, is a simple example of this kind of sculpture.

collage

Assemblage is a 3D version of what 2D art technique?

lost-wax casting

This 3D technique begins with a model that is then made into a mold to create a substitute version of the model.

photographs

How are Andy Goldsworthy's sculptures preserved?

high-relief

What do we call a sculpture that projects substantially from a background surface or wall?

site specific

What do we call a sculpture (often environmental or monumental) that is integral to a specific location?

sunken relief

This was a popular technique with the ancient Egyptians, where an image was cut (incised) into a wall and then the image was painted?

modeling

The additive process of sculpting in clay or wax is called what?

a mausoleum

What is the Taj Mahal?

Shinto

This native Japanese religion worships many nature gods.

stupa

This Buddhist dome structure has no interior, and is a metaphor for the cosmic egg, Mount Meru and the dome of heaven.

Buddhism

This religion started with the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama in sixth century BC.

the Mughals

These 16th-17th century Muslim Indian rulers patronized figurative art that was influenced by Western practice.

Akbar

This 16th century Muslim ruler (inspired by the Persian court) brought figuration to Islamic art and opened India to foreign diplomats.

Tokyo

The Edo Period (also called the Tokugawa Period) was named for the 17th century capital city of Japan. What do we call that city today?

Borobodur

This elaborate temple in Java, began as a Hindu structure, has nine terraces with more than ten miles of sculptures decorating its walls.

Ashoka

This Indian emperor spread Buddhist teaching throughout India as a means of unifying the country in the third century BC.

Qin

This Chinese emperor, of the third century BC, planned to maintain his power after death with over 8000 terra-cotta soldiers, discovered in his burial mound in 1974.

obscura

What is the name of the part of a camera that light enters (most times it includes the lens).

montage

Russian filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein believed that significant juxtaposition of film scenes could have an aesthetic impact on a motion picture (today this is usually called editing). What did Eisenstein call it?

Edweard Muybridge

This 19th century photographer's motion studies influenced art of early Modernism and early animation.

depth-of-field

What do we call the range of distance from a camera where objects remain in focus?

pixels

A digital photograph is made up of a grid (called a raster) of discrete picture elements called what?

objects are placed directly on photo-paper, then exposed to light

What is the photo technique that Man Ray called a 'rayogram'.

D. W. Griffith

This filmmaker is credited as one of the first to realize the potential of the moving-eye, the development of traveling shots, pan shots and other techniques of varying the distance of the camera during a shot.

Paris and New York

What two Modern cities where probably the most photographed of the early 20th century.

the Kodak box camera

What innovation brought Stieglitz's "straight photography" technique to the masses (much to his dismay)?

that digital doesn't require film

One true advantage of digital photography over traditional photography is...?

an Islamic mosque

The largest adobe (mud brick) structure in the world, in Djenne, Mali, in northwest Africa, is what kind of structure?

European colonization

Many world cultures (including most native American cultures) changed dramatically starting in the 15th century because of what?

Adena

This Native American group left large burial mounds throughout the Ohio Valley.

Olmecs

This ancient culture, considered the "mother civilization" of Mesoamerica, left us 17 monumental stone heads, some weighing as much as 20 tons.

Machu Picchu

The Inka (Inca) civilization was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, but this site in the the Andes mountains, in what is now Peru, escaped destruction.

totem

These carved wood artifacts from the northwest coast of North America, signified a clan's mythological past, connecting them to the powers of animals such as bears and eagles.

the Maya

This Mesoamerican culture flourished for over 2500 years (1100 BC to 1500 BC) in the Yucatan area of what is now Mexico.

Australia

The indigenous civilization on this continent, had a culture that remained unchanged for tens of thousands of years. They believe they can contact their ancestors in the Dreamtime, where spirits dwell.

United States

The northern tip of Polynesia connects to what country. (This might be a trick question.)

the Aztecs

This literate warrior society dominated central Mexico until the arrival of Cortez and the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century.

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