After Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, it
quickly opened its northern territories to trade with the United States.
As a result of the War of 1812,
the growth of American manufacturing was stimulated.
During the administration of James Monroe,
the Federalist Party in effect ceased to exist.
In Cohens v. Virginia (1821), Chief Justice John Marshall affirmed the constitutionality of
Supreme Court review of state court decisions.
In McCullough v. Maryland (1819), the Supreme Court confirmed the
"implied powers" of Congress.
On his last day in office, President James Madison influenced "internal improvements" by
both supporting the idea of using federal funds to finance transportation construction, and vetoing a bill that would have used federal funds to construct roads and canals.
One cause of the Panic of 1819 was
new management practices within the Bank of the United States.
The Lancaster Pike was a road partially financed by the state of
The Missouri Compromise of 1819
maintained the nation's equal number of slave and free states.
The Supreme Court ruled in Johnson v. McIntosh (1823) that
Indians had a basic right to their tribal lands
The Supreme Court ruling of Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
strengthened the power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce
The so-called "corrupt bargain" was negotiated between
Henry Clay and John Quincy Adams.
What event prompted Spain to negotiate the sale of Florida to the United States?
the Seminole War
The policy expressed in the Monroe Doctrine was principally directed at
The election of 1828
saw the emergence of a new two-party system.
According to Andrew Jackson's theory of democracy
all white male citizens should be treated equally
As a result of the United States government's Indian policy in the 1830s and 1840s,
nearly all American Indian societies were removed to west of the Mississippi.
As president, Andrew Jackson believed the power of the federal government
should be reduced and yet was supreme over individual states.
From the following groups, support for the Whigs was weakest among
small Western farmers
In 1833, the nullification crisis came to an end after President Andrew Jackson
authorized the use of military force to see the acts of Congress were obeyed.
In 1836, President Andrew Jackson's "specie circular"
resulted in a severe financial panic.
In the 1830 Daniel Webster-Robert Hayne debate, Webster considered Hayne's arguments to be an attack on
In the 1820s, Whig support for the Anti-Mason Party demonstrated
the desire of the party to attract the largest possible number of voters.
John C. Calhoun drew his doctrine of nullification ideas from the
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions and the United States Constitution
President Andrew Jackson's success in abolishing the Bank of the United States
left the nation with an unstable banking system for many years
The Black Hawk War
was notable for vicious behavior by the American military.
The Supreme Court ruled in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831)
that Georgia had no authority to remove the Cherokee tribes
The primary goal of the United States' policy toward Indians in the early 1800s was to
acquire the land occupied by Indian tribes
The Supreme Court ruling in Charles River Bridge Company v. Warren Bridge Company (1837)
reflected Jacksonian ideas of democracy and economic opportunity
After 1852, the "Know-Nothings" created a new political organization called the
American factory workers in early nineteenth-century textile mills largely consisted of
families and rural, single women
Before 1860, American middle-class families
became the most influential cultural form of urban America
Before 1860, the largest single group of arriving Irish immigrants was
young, single women
Between 1800 and 1830, immigration to the United States
was not a significant contributor to the national population.
Between 1820 and 1840, the population of the United States
rapidly grew, in part, due to improved public health
By the middle of the nineteenth century, merchant capitalists in the United States
were shifting from trade to manufacturing.
For most American farmers, the 1840s and 1850s was a period of
rising prosperity due to increased world demand for farm products
In the 1830s, Cyrus McCormick improved grain farming when he patented his
In the 1840s, P.T. Barnum's American Museum in New York showcased
Prior to 1860, class conflict in the United States
was limited by a high degree of mobility within the working class.
The Erie Canal was
a tremendous financial success.
The main staple crop of the Old Northwest (today's Midwest) was
The growth of commerce and industry allowed more Americans the chance to become prosperous without
Between 1840 and 1860, the American Southern slave population
dramatically shifted into the Southwest
By 1860, the textile manufacturing sector of the American South
had increased threefold in value over the previous twenty years
During the first half of the nineteenth century, the "Cotton Kingdom"
was the dominant source of income of the lower South
From the selections below, the most common form of resistance to slavery was
In 1850, outside of the United States, slavery in the Western Hemisphere existed in
In general, slaves had more privacy and a social realm of their own
on large plantations
In the 1850s, the Southern social theorist George Fitzhugh wrote that women
All these answers are correct.
Most enslaved blacks lived
on medium- to large-size plantations
Rice and sugar production in the antebellum South
were concentrated in a relatively small geographic area.
Prior to 1860, the center of economic power in the South
shifted from the upper South to the lower South.
The chance of a runaway slave making a successful escape from the American South was
The conditions of a slave's life
depended in part on the size of the plantation.
Prior to 1860, Southern women differed from Northern women in that they
were expected to be more subordinate to men.
Prior to 1860, how did the role and status of Southern women compare to that of Northern women?
According to the nineteenth-century "science" of phrenology, what could be discerned from the shape of an individual's skull?
her character and intelligence
During the nineteenth century, the largest obstacle to improved medical care in America was
the absence of basic knowledge about disease.
spent years lecturing in England against slavery
In the 1830s and 1840s, abolitionists were divided
All these answers are correct
In the 1840s in the United States, an initial understanding of germ theory was made by
Oliver Wendell Holmes.
In the 1840s, abolitionists in the United States constituted
a small percentage of the national population.
believed in human perfectibility
Prior to 1860, public education in the United States
gave the nation one of the highest literacy rates in the world.
Prior to the Civil War, free blacks in the North tended to be
strongly opposed to Southern slavery.
The American Colonization Society helped to transport blacks from the United States to
The Massachusetts reformer who built a national movement for new methods of treating the criminally ill was
The Hudson River School of painters emphasized in their work the importance of
The nineteenth-century reformer Horace Mann believed that education should promote
The primary goal of the 1840s community experiment known as Brook Farm was
to permit all members to realize their full potential as individual beings.
As a result of his 1858 debates with Stephen Douglas, Abraham Lincoln
gained many new supporters outside of Illinois
As a result of the gold rush, by 1850, California
had a very diverse population.
As president, James K. Polk
None of these answers is correct.
Before the early 1850s, Americans who traveled west on the overland trails were generally
relatively young people who traveled in family groups
During the 1840s, the United States added more than one ___________ square miles of new territory under its control.
During the Mexican War,
President Polk personally plotted military strategy for the United States.
In The Pro-Slavery Argument (1837), John C. Calhoun stated that slavery was
a "positive good."
In the 1840s, regional critics of President James K. Polk claimed his policies favored
In the 1850s, the "Young America" movement
supported the expansion of American democracy throughout the world.
In the 1858 Abraham Lincoln-Stephen Douglas debates,
Lincoln argued slavery was a threat to the growth of white free labor.
Kansas entered the United States
after several Southern states had left the Union.
Southern defenders of slavery made all of the following arguments EXCEPT
black codes protected slaves from abuse
The Chinese who came to California during the gold rush
had similar aspirations as the American participants.
The Compromise of 1850 essentially restored the Missouri Compromise.
often arrested on the order of President Lincoln
A major federal victory occurred in April 1862 when Union troops captured the city of
African-American soldiers in the Union
experienced a higher mortality rate than white soldiers
At the start of the Civil War, the armed forces of the United States
saw many of its soldiers stationed in the West.
During the Civil War, "greenbacks" issued by the federal government
fluctuated in value depending on the fortunes of the Northern armies.
During the Civil War, as a result of new technology in weapons
attention to defensive fortifications increased.
In 1860, President James Buchanan asserted
All these answers are correct.
In the Civil War, at lower levels of military command
amateur officers played important roles in both the Union and Confederate armies.
In the Civil War, the number of deaths for every 100,000 of the population was
Politically, the Confederate constitution
was almost identical in many respects to the Constitution of the United States.
President Abraham Lincoln believed the main objective of the Union armies was to
destroy Confederate armies.
Taxes enacted by the United States Congress to help finance the Civil War
included a new income tax.
The 1862 Morrill Land Grant Act was designed to help
The U.S. Military Telegraph Corps was headed by Thomas Scott and what future Gilded Age tycoon?
The Union's Committee on the Conduct of the War
greatly interfered with the military chain of command and the conduct of the war.