The rebirth of knowledge and learning in Europe during the 1300's to the 1600's C.E.; the dark ages were now over and the "light bulb" has turned back on in Europe
An intellectual movement begun in Italy in the 1300s which was characterized by renewed interest in ancient Greek and Roman literature, history and art.
Developed by Johannes Gutenberg in the mid-1400s, this invention used movable metal type and revolutionized publishing during
the Renaissance; allowed mass production of literature and books
The joining together of territories under one central
government; nation building
a place believed by some Christians to be between heaven and hell, where dead souls were sent to remove or purge their sins before they could enter heaven
The change or reform of the Catholic Church begun by Martin Luther that led to the establishment of Protestant churches in Europe.
Patron (of the arts)
A wealthy person or organization who hires artists to paint, build, and/or decorate during the Renaissance.
Founder/ Creator of the printing press. It was important because people of the Renaissance could now make books available to everyone. The books were in Greek and Latin (from Ancient Greece and Rome - hence the rebirth of knowledge)
type of government ruled by a king or a queen; can also include the idea of divine right in this type of government
Italian mathematician, astronomer, and physicist; his claim that the earth revolves around the sun and is not the center of the universe caused the Catholic Church to place him on house arrest for the remainder of his life (even though he was RIGHT)
English poet, actor, and playwright who is generally considered the greatest playwright who ever lived; wrote Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, and many others
belief that a King or Queen is chosen directly by God and that his/her authority to rule comes directly from God as well.
Complete overthrow of an established government; a sudden change in the way people think about society or about the way they are being ruled
Bill of Rights
a summary of all of the rights held by the people under their government; rights of the people
daughter of Henry VIII; she ruled England as queen from 1558 - 1603; restored England to Protestantism; admired for her courage, intelligence, and kind treatment of her people
Country where the Renaissance began