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The New Deal

693, FDR's idea for ending the depression by trying out various options discussed in his Brain Trust.

"Bank Holiday"

694, The Emergency Banking Act was established on in March of 1933, closing all U.S. banks for 4 days to figure out which banks were alright to reopen, and establish some rules. Made the people trust in the banks once again and stopped the "bank runs".

Prohibition Repealed

694, Prohibition was repealed in the 21st Amendment because it was an activity that was hard to monitor and caused corruption.

AAA

695, Agricultural Adjustment Administration: attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies; ruled unconstitutional in 1936; disbanded after World War II

"Rural Electrification"

695, A program that provided funds to build power lines in poor rural areas.

NRA

695, A program which established codes for fair industry practices and prices. Its symbol was a blue eagle holding a cog. Declared unconstitutional in 1935.

Section 7(a)

696, A law that protected union's rights to bargain for working conditions. Kept even after NRA was disbanded.

TVA

697, An organization created in 1933 to help rural areas obtain electricity, flood control, and economic development where they could not afford to help themselves.

Glass-Steagall Act

698, An act which created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and reformed banking (controlled speculation).

SEC

698, An agency in charge of monitoring the securities industry. Creates rules for how and where bonds are sold, and the legal documentation to maintain fair stock.

CWA

698, Civil Works Administration: A program that put millions to work in the harsh winter of 1933-34 building roads, buildings, etc.

CCC

698, Civilian Conservation Corps: A program created in 1933 to provide men ages 18-25, with work in nature and shelter. Led by the U.S. army, tried to make them more "employable". Asked that they send some $ home.

American Liberty League

699, An organization which criticized FDR's "dictatorship" and his economic policies. Included Alfred Smith, the Du Pont family, and John W. Davis.

Townsend Plan

699, A plan proposed by Francis Townsend which gave those over 60 an old age pension plan of $200 a month.

Huey Long and the Share-Our-Wealth Society

700, A senator who proposed his "Share Our Wealth" plan in 1932 which was a 100% tax on yearly incomes over $1 million to give everyone a comfortable living. Supporters created the "Share Our Wealth" Society.

National Labor Relations Board

701, An agency which managed disputes between labor unions and management.

Industrial Unionism

701, The organization of workers of the same industry, no matter what skill level they were.

CIO

701, A group of American unions made up of many industries formed in 1938.

Sit-Down Strike

701, When workers refuse to work and won't leave their factory until their needs are met.

Unemployment Insurance

703, A government program that gives worker's some protection when they become unemployed.

WPA

703, Work Progress Administration: A huge work relief program created in 1935 which employed not only manual laborers, but also artists.

Alf Landon

704, A man who ran against FDR in 1936. Was bad at campaigning and was not clear in his views, so was not chosen.

Comic Books

706, A new form of entertainment that arose in the 1930s and helped people forget their worries for a few minutes.

Electoral realignment

706, When political parties change in dominance, which happens about every thirty years in the U.S..

Court Packing

708, When Roosevelt proposed adding a new Supreme Court Justice for every one over the age of 70 who had been there for 10 years. Plan completely failed.

Roosevelt Recession

708, When FDR stopped some New Deal programs and economy went downhill. Proved New Deal programs were not a cure, they just held off the consequences.

End of the New Deal

708, When the conservatives took over the Republican and Democratic side of Congress and they put down everything FDR was saying

"Broker State"

709, The role of government after the New Deal to mediate conflicts between economic interest groups.

"Black Cabinet"

710, A group of black government officials who advised FDR and led in gaining opportunities for African-Americans.

Mary McCleod Bethune

710, One of FDR's A-A advisors who worked to gain black support of the New Deal and led the National Youth Administration's Office of Minority Affairs.

Eleanor Roosevelt

710, FDR's wife who supported civil rights and the New Deal. Went among the people and acted as FDR's "eyes". Relationship in later years more friendship than romance.

John Collier

711, A man who wanted to renew tribal life and founded the American Indian Defense Association in 1923. Got funds to construct infrastructure on Indian reservations.

Indian Reorganization Act

711, A law which allowed Native Americans to form self-government and own their land.

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