respiratory dillman

13 terms by dillfam

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nasal cavity

area where air enter nose; has hairs and mucus to filter out dirt/bacteria; warms and moistens air

trachea

windpipe where air flows down to lungs; held open by cartilage rings

epiglottis

flap of tissue that covers trachea when you eat or drink to prevent choking

bronchi

two big branched air tubes that lead into each lung

bronchioles

smaller branching air tubes that lead to air sacs

alveoli

grape-like air sacs where oxygen enters bloodstream

capillary

tiny blood vessels that cover alveoli

lung cancer

disease caused by smoking where lung cells grow out of control

asthma

condition where bronchi and bronchioles close off making it hard to breathe

allergy

body reacts badly to dust, smoke or pets making you sneeze

emphysema

a disease caused by smoking that destroys alveoli permanently

bronchitis

a disease caused by bacteria where air ways are inflamed and mucus fills the bronchi and bronchioles causes coughing

pneumonia

a disease caused by bacteria where the lung is inflamed and mucus fills the alveoli making it very difficult to breathe

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