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Minority Group

A group of people who in some ways differ from the dominant group in society and who, because of these differences, are the objects of prejudice and discrimination.

Double Jeopardy

Minority members who are devalued because of old age and are disadvantaged because of their minority status.

Social Stratification

the ranking of individuals and families into higher and lower social positions according to their share of social rewards (based on wealth, power, and prestige—Max Weber).

Social Class

a category of individuals and families who share relatively equal amounts of social rewards (based on income, occupation, and education—Diana Harris).

Social Mobility

vertical movement of persons from one social class to another.

Social Mobility Pattern

tends to be curvilinear in nature (gradually increases from early adulthood to the middle years, levels off, and then begins a slow decline in the later years).

Retirement

socially imposed downward mobility (Foner).

Status Inconsistency

a situation in which a person ranks high in one status dimension but low in another (e.g., high level of education but very little income)

Theory of Shared Functions

To serve older people well you need a combination of primary groups and formal organizations.

Near One's Children

Preferred living arangements for elderly

Role Reversal

Parent as child. Middle age child becomes more like the parent.

Filial Maturity

Individuality; continum of care

Continum of Care

Appropriate services at appropriate stages provide help as needed.

Intergenerational Equity

Treating each generation fair.

Formal

Enjoys giving presents and ingulging grandchildren, but is careful not to enroachon the parents responsibility.

Fun-Seeker

Informal, playful relationship with grandchildren and often makes visits to see them. Emphasize mutual satisfaction.

Surrogate

Parent role pertains to grandmother taking care of grandchildren during the day while daughter is at work.

Reservoir of Family Wisdom

Refers to grandfathers who maintain an authoritarian position in the family and dispense knowledge and special skills.

Distant-Figure

Grandparent has only brief contacts with grandchildren on holidays and special occasions, seeing them infrequently otherwise.

Recommendations of Howard

Older people have doubts about their learning ability. They have become so reluctant to expose themselves to the embarrassment and be ridiculed. Also stressed that education should be an affirmative enterprise in which each person should be allowed to grow and to develop his or her potential regardless of age.

50 Plus Movement in Community Colleges

In Missouri 65 & older can go to any public school for free.

Social Security

ADMINISTERED AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL BY THE SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, FUNDED PRIMARILY BY OASDI PAYROLL TAXES, TARGETED PRIMARILY TO RETIRED INDIVIDUALS WITH AT LEAST 40 QUARTERS OF RELEVANT WORK AND WHO ARE AT LEAST 62 YEARS OLD

Supplemental Security Income

ADMINISTERED BY THE SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, FUNDED PRIMARILY BY GENERAL REVENUE (TAXES), TARGETED (ELIGIBLES) TO AGED, BLIND, AND/OR DISABLED WHO MEET INCOME AND ASSET GUIDELINES (MEANS-TESTED)

Medicare

ADMINISTERED AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL BY THE CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES; ADMINISTERED AT THE LOCAL LEVEL BY CONTRACTORS

Medicare Part A

(IN-PATIENT HOSPITAL CARE) FUNDED BY PAYROLL TAXES, GENERAL REVENUE, AND OTHER SOURCES

Medicare Part B

FUNDED BY MONTHLY PREMIUMS, CO-PAYS, AND OTHER SOURCES

Medicaid

ADMINISTERED AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL BY THE CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES
•FUNDED BY FEDERAL GENERAL REVENUE FUNDS MATCHED BY STATE FUNDS
•TARGETED TO THE POOR OF ALL AGES WHO MEET INCOME AND ASSET GUIDELINES
•ADMINISTERED IN MO BY MO HEALTHNET DIVISION

Vesting

the right of workers to receive the benefits that they have accumulated when they retire

Means-tested

Some combination of assets and incomes to determine if you meet income and guidelines.

Social Security Act

1935: Made retirement possible for most people

Employee Retirement Income Security Act

-Provides protection against the loss of retirement benefits (vesting)
-Regulates and supervises private pension plans
-Establishes rules to prevent misuse of pension plans
-(Has widely been considered to be very complicated and ineffective because people are changing jobs so much)

Productivity

Very similar to productivity for under age 65 population.

Hidden Unemployement

Dropping out of the labor force when unable to find a job.

Retirement Syndrome

Cliche that people die after retirement. This is false.

BELL

Lowest level of employee benefits.

1930's

Social Security

1960's

Medicare, medicaid, and age discrimination.

AOA

Statistics on older adults is located here.

NIA

Where age pages are located.

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