Endocrine System

Created by kktatters 

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35 terms

acromegaly

enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; results from an oversecretion of growth hormone in an adult and is usually caused by a benign tumor of the pituitary gland

giantism

abnormal increase of growth in size and stature; results from an oversecretion of growth hormone before puberty

diabetes insipidus

antidiuretic hormone is not secreted adequately, or the kidney is resistant to its effect;

dwarfism

Condition caused by insufficient growth hormone in childhood

goiter

abnormally enlarged thyroid gland

hyperthyroidism

an overactive thyroid gland, which causes increased production of thyroid hormones and increased basal metabolic rate

Graves' disease

disorder of the thyroid gland characterized by the presence of hyperthyroidism, goiter, and exophthalmos

hypothyroidism

an underactive thyroid gland

hyperparathyroidism

Abnormal increase in the activity of the parathyroids

hypoparathyroidism

deficient production of parathyroid hormone.

Addison's disease

occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the hormones cortisol or aldosterone

Cushing's syndrome

hypersecretion of glucocorticoids; caused by oversecretion of ACTH or tumor on adrenal cortex

diabetes mellitus

a chronic disease caused by decrease secretion of insulin

adrenal feminization

development of female secondary sexual characteristic in a male, often as a result of increased estrogen secretion by the adrenal cortex

adrenal virilism

development of male secondary sexual characteristics in a female, often as a result of increased androgen secretion by the adrenal cortex

pheochromocytoma

usually benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that secretes epinephrine

diabetic retinopathy

secondary complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels of the retina, resulting in visual changes and even blindness

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

also called type 1 diabetes; develops early in life when the pancreas stops insulin production

insulinoma

tumor of the islets of Langerhans cells of the pancreas that secretes an excessive amount of insulin

ketoacidosis

acidosis due to an excess of acidic ketone bodies; a serious condition requiring immediate treatment that can result in death for the diabetic patient if not reversed

non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

also called type 2 diabetes; typically develops later in life; the pancreas produces normal to high levels of insulin, but the cells fail to respond to it

peripheral neuropathy

damage to the nerves in the lower legs and hands as a result of diabetes mellitus

tetany

nerve irritability and painful muscle cramps resulting from hypocalcemia

Recklinghausen disease

excessive production of parathyroid hormone, which results in degeneration of the bones

panhypopituitarism

deficiency in all the hormones secreted by the pituitary gland

cretinism

congenital condition in which a lack of thyroid hormones may result in arrested physical and mental development

Hashimoto's disease

chronic autoimmune form of thyroiditis, results in hyposecretion of thyroid hormones

myxedema

condition resulting from a hyposecretion of the thyroid gland in an adult

thyroidoxicosis

condition resulting from marked overproduction of the thyroid gland

adenocarcinoma

cancerous tumor in a gland that is capable of producing the hormones secreted by that gland

cortisol, aldosterone, androgen, estrogen, progesterone

hormones of the adrenal cortex

epinephrine, norephinephrine

hormones of the adrenal medulla

estrogen, progesterone

hormones of the ovaries

glucagon, insulin

hormones of the pancreas

parathyroid hormone PTH

parathyroid glands hormone

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