election of 1936
FDR (Democratic) reelected b/c of his New Deal programs and active style of personal leadership. Running against FDR was Alf Landon (Republic nominee)
attempt by Roosevelt to appoint one new Supreme Court justice for every sitting justice over the age of 70 who had been there for at least 10 years. Wanted to prevent justices from dismantling the new deal. Plan died in congress and made opponents of New Deal inflamed.
Recession of 1937-38
temporary reversal of the pre-war 1933 to 1941 economic recovery, which occurred in 1937-38. It was part of the Great Depression in the United States, and had serious political results, and helped strengthen the new Conservative Coalition led by Senators Robert A. Taft and Richard B. Russell. Economic historians have not agreed on the causes, but many of the causes show that because the New Deal involved spending money from the Federal budget, President Roosevelt had to end New Deal spending, and thus programs, as a result. Depression suddenly intensifies
Congress of Industrial Organizations. proposed by John L. Lewis in 1932. a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955.
John L. Lewis
long-time labor leader who organized and led the first important unskilled workers labor union, called in to represent union during sit-down strike
Founder of USW(A)
sit down strike
method of boycotting work by sitting down at work and refusing to leave the establishment
fair labor standards act
established a minimum wage of 40 cents an hour and a maximum workweek of 40 hours for business engaged in interstate commerce
fair employment practices committee
(FEPC) aimed at insuring morale and maximum use of labor force by preventing employer discrimination against workers because of race or religion. The efforts of this committee laid the foundation for the Civil Rights movement of the 1950's.
soil conservation and domestic allotment act
allowed the government to pay farmers to reduce production so as to "conserve soil", prevent erosion, and accomplish other minor goals.
made available rehabilitation loans to shore up marginally profitable farmers and prevent their sinking into tenancy. Made loans to tenants so they could buy their own farms
prices set to same value as 1909 and 1914
National Housing Act
(FDR) 1934 , June 28, 1934- It created the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation. It was designed to stop the tide of bank foreclosures on family homes, it instead gave loans
created low income housing by subsidizing rents for poor people and extended long-term loans to local agencies willing to assume part of the cost of slum clearance and public housing
Food, drug, and cosmetic act
Required manufacturers to list ingredients in foods, drugs and cosmetic products
FTC can regulate unfair and deceptive ads
A federal law prohibiting government employees from active participation in partisan politics.
spending money raised by borrowing
revenue act of 1935
"soak the rich" tax, a tax reform bill that increased estate and corporate taxes and instituted higher personal income tax rates in the top brackets, very controversial
election of 1940
Franklin D. Roosevelt/democrat ("reluctant servant") vs. Wendell Wilkie/republican= Roosevelt