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Dominus Italica

typical single0family house of this period

stucco

plaster-type texture

chalcidicum

entrance vestibule of a basilica.

basilica

building for legal and other civic proceedings

tribunal

an elevated platform at the end of nave of basilica on which judges and other magistrates presided over official business.

nave

the central space of a basilica, demarcated from the flanking aisles by a row of columns on each side.

apse

curved end of the room

hypocaust system

floor is raised on brick stilts so hot air can flow into the room

cavea

seating area of theater (semi-circular)

odeum

next to theater, it is a concert hall.

Theater Tectum

official name of odeum at Pompeii, Quinctius Valgus and Marcus Porcius founded

Amphitheater

"double theater", at Pompeii, it was also founded by Quinctus Valgus and Marcus Porcius. It could seate 20,000 spectators and was situated on natural hillsides. It was created with concrete and issued an arena where galdiators fought.

59 CE

Brawl breaks out in Amphitheater between Pompeiians and Nucerians during a gladiateral contest.

velarium

cloth awning

necropolis

city of dead

386 BCE

Gauls descended upon Rome from the North and sacked the city.

Hippodamus of Miletus

Aristotle singled out him as the father of rational city planning.

orthogonal plans (Hippodamian Plan)

the imposition of a strict grid plan on a site, regardless of the terrain, so that all the streets meet at right angles.

Ostia

1st Roman colony in late 4th century BCE. A walled settlement, located at the mouth of the Tiber river. It is rectangular in plan with four gates at cardinal points.

Castrum

typical Roman Military Camp, it became the norm plan of the Mediteranean world.

Insulae

islands

Pompeii

Roman colony incorporated in 79 CE when Mount Vesuvius erupted.

Oscans

Italic tribes occupied Italy at the time of Etruscan ruling over Rome. First to settle at Pompeii

Smanites

Another Italian tribe, took over town from Oscans and expanded the original settlement, giving shape to the city center.

80 bce

Roman ruled Pompeii

thermopolia

hot-food stands

larium

shrine to the 'lares' household God.

cardo

The main north-south street in a Roman city.

Decumnaus

Main east-west street in a Roman city.

forum

public square of a Roman city, often situated at the intersection of the cardo and the decumanus.

lares

Roman household God.

Palaestra

exercise courtyard framed by poritcos.

Porticos

roofed colonnades

natatio

swimming pool in a Roman bathing facility

laconicum

sweating room in a Roman bathing facility

apodyterium

changing room in a Roman bathing facility

frigidarium

the cold-water room in a Roman bathing facility.

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