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Ngo Dinh Diem

Vietnamese leader gained controll of S. Vietnam- refused to hold elections to keep from communism

Lyndon B. Johnson

1963-1969, Democrat , signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.

Geneva Accords

a 1954 peace agreement that divided vietnam into communist-controlled north vietnam and non-communist south vietnam until unification elections could be held in 1956

Military Advisors

JFK increased the number of "military advisors" in Vietnam

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

allowed the president to take all necassary measures to repel armed attack or prevent further aggression

Ho Chi Minh

1950s and 60s; communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war and made it unwinnable

Viet Cong

a Communist-led army and guerrilla force in South Vietnam that fought its government and was supported by North Vietnam.

escalation

policy of increasing military involvement in Vietnam

operation Rolling Thunder

bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight

Search and Destroy

American war tactic that terrorized Vietnamese villagers and turning them against communism

Tet Offensive

1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment

My Lai Massacre

1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai, also led to more opposition to the war.

Robert F. Kennedy

The Presidential candidate that was assasinated after he won the California Presidential Primary by Sirhan B Sirhan

1968 Democratic Convention

significant event in presidential election of 1968; demonstrated the confusion and lack of unity among Democrats; outside, protests and police brutality

George Wallace

racist gov. of Alabama in 1962 ("segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever"); runs for pres. In 1968 on American Independent Party ticket of racism and law and order, loses to Nixon; runs in 1972 but gets shot

Richard Nixon

he was elected to be US President after Johnson decided to not to run for US president again. He promised peace with honor in Vietnam which means withdrawing American soliders from South Vietnam. He also appealed to the "Silent Majority"

Eugene McCarthy

in late 1967, this Democratic senator of Minnesota announced that he would run in the election of 1968 as a protest against the war; he was not well known, and had little chance of winning

Hubert Humphrey

LBJ's vice president and McCarthy's opposition in 1968 primary after LBJ stepped down. won nomination; not presidency.

Hawks v. Doves

Refers to the polarization of American society in the 1960's, when one side called for intensification of the Vietnam conflict, and another side wanted de-escalation or withdrawal

Antiwar Protests

Students around College Campuses protested the war

Woodstock

3 day rock concert in upstate N.Y. August 1969, exemplified the counterculture of the late 1960s, nearly 1/2M gather in a 600 acre field

Vietnamization

President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces

Pentagon Papers

secret government documents published In 1971; revealed that the u.s. government had misled americans about the vietnam war.

Peace with Honor

A phrase U.S. President Richard M. Nixon used in a speech , to describe the Paris Peace Accord to end the Vietnam War., Nixon's policy of withdrawing from Vietnam, but with honor

Kent State

Ohio college where an anti-war protest got way out of hand as they protested the US invasion of Cambodia, the Nat'l Guard was called in and killed 3 students (innocent & unarmed,wounded 9) in indiscriminate fire of M-1 rifles

Timothy Leary

United States psychologist who experimented with psychoactive drugs (including LSD) and became a well-known advocate of their use (1920-1996)

counterculture

a culture with lifestyles and values opposed to those of the established culture

Hippies

members of the youthful counterculture that dominated many college campuses in the 1960s; rather than promoting a political agenda, they challenged conventional sexual standards, rejected traditional economic values, and encouraged the use of drugs.

Yippies

Youth International Party; anarchist party headed by Abbie Hoffman that opposed the Vietnam War & conformity; poured bags of dollars onto the New York Stock Exchange and carried pictures of LBJ upside down

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