Chapter 2 The Question of Style Arch History

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Edmund Burke's definition of beautiful

smallness, smoothness, delicacy

Edmund Burke's definition of sublime

astonishment based in terror, vastness, greatness

Books of drawings of ruins

stuart and revett

Gottfried Schinkel

enamored with Greece and exact measurements, ionic columns

Altes Museum

Gottfried Schinkel

Smirke

designs by Greek principles, English, uses Parthenon as an example for his column

British Museum

Greek revival style, Smirke, ionic collonade

Medieval ideas

landscapes: fear and awe
towns: safe and beautiful
(opposite of american aesthetic)

Stourhead

Henry Hoare and Henry Filtcroft

Great Pagoda

William Chambers, other cultures are alos awe inspiring

Royal Pavilion

John Nash, oriental style in England

Strawberry Hill

Horace Walpole; trying to turn classical house into Gothic masterpiece; awe and fear

Pugin

introduces idea that building can be moral or immoral, Gothic architecture is morally superior

Sir John Soane

one of the greatest architects of his time, classical churches

Charles Barry

Houses of Parliament, interior by Pugin

Houses of Parliament

Classical building dressed up to look Gothic

Pugin vs Barry

Pugin: only style is Gothic
Barry: any style works

Ruskin

like Pugin, supporter of Gothic architecture--because it is beautiful

Ruskin

Venetian Gothic

William Butterfield

All Saint Margarets Street
very colorful
materials with richness
Gothic revival style

Thomas Stewart

Medical College of Virginia
Egyptian revival style

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