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Grade 6 social studies, study guide

Polis

Greek city-state; geographical and political center of Greek life.

Acropolis

A fortified high point of a Greek city-state; most well known in Athens

Agora

An open area at a base of an acropolis of a Greek city-state used as a marketplace and meeting place.

Aristocrats

Greek nobles; upper class who were high up in government.

Helots

Enslaved people ( usually conquered people) who were owned by the Spartan government.

Spartiates

Military professionals who were adults. Male and Spartan citizens.

Perioeci

Merchants and artisans who worked in Sparta and were neither slaves or citizens

Oligarchy

Government in which a few people rule.

Democracy

Government in which the citizens rule

Constitution

A document in which list the rules and law for a government.

Triremes

Three level Greek battleships.

Delian league

A defensive league lead by Athens

Peloponnesian league

defensive league lead by Sparta,

Sparta

a militaristic Greek city-state.

Athens

A democratic Greek city-state.

Pericles

A political leader of Athens during th Golden Ages.

Themistocles

A military leader of Athens.

Battle of Marathon

Land battle in which Athens defeated Darius of Persia.

Battle of Salamis

Sea battle in which Athens defeated Xerxes of Persia.

Cleisthenes

Athenian aristocrat who first introduced the simple democratic vote.

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