USII.7 World War II

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political and economic conditions following World War I led to -

the rise of fascism and World War II

World War I resulted in -

political instability and economic devastation

Examples of economic devastation

- worldwide depression
- high war debt owed by Germany
- high inflation
- massive unemployment

fascism

political philosophy in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied

fascism often emphasizes -

nationalism and racism

Adolf Hitler

Germany's fascist dictator

Benito Mussolini

Italy's fascist dictator

Hideki Tojo

Japan's fascist dictator

Axis Powers

Germany, Japan and Italy

Democratic nations known as the Allies

United States, Great Britain and Canada

country that switched sides of World War II after being invaded by Germany

Soviet Union

Franklin Roosevelt

leader of the United States at the beginning of World War II

Harry Truman

leader of the United States at the end of World War II

Winston Churchill

leader of Great Britain

Joseph Stalin

leader of the Soviet Union

American foreign policy evolved from __________ to involvement

isolationism

isolationism was a legacy of -

World War I

the step between isolationism and involvement

economic aid to Allies

reason for tensions between the U.S. and Japan

Japanese aggression in East Asia

December 7, 1941

Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

First event of World War II

German invasion of Poland

After Poland, Germany invaded -

France

Germany's bombing of London began -

the Battle of Britain

Lend Lease

exchange of war supplies for military bases

U.S. victory over Japan

Midway

Midway was the -

turning point in the Pacific

Germany's defeat by the Soviet Union

Stalilngrad

Stalingrad was the -

turning point in eastern Europe

D-Day began the -

liberation of western Europe

location of D-Day

Normandy, France

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Japanese cities were America dropped atomic bombs

this forced Japan to surrender

atomic bombs

year World War II ended

1945

an example of prejudice and discrimination taken to the extreme

the Holocaust

anti-Semitism

hatred of Jewish people

Aryan Supremecy

the idea that there is a master race

the Holocaust was an attempt to -

rid Europe of all Jews

tactics used in the Holocaust

- boycotts
- threats
- segregation
- imprisonment
- killing

Americans were asked to

make sacrifices during World War II

Involvement in World War II ended -

the Great Depression

symbol of women working in defense plants

Rosie the Riveter

Americans supported the war effort by

conserving and rationing resources

internment camps

places Japanese Americans were forced to live during World War II

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