Applied Plant Science - Agri 8

Created by nmays 

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growing season

period of time between last frost in spring and first frost in the fall

irrigation

artificial application of water to crops

photoperiod

length of light vs. darkness in a day

annual

plant that completes its life cycle in one growing season

biennial

plant that completes its life cycle in two growing seasons

perennial

plant that produces fruit yearly once it reaches maturity

leaf

organ on plant responsible for photsynthesis

blade

large, flat portion of leaf

petiole

connects leaf blade to twig

simple leaf

one leaf blade

compound leaf

leaf consisting of a central petiole and multiple leaflets

stem

structure supporting leaves and carrying sap through the plant

tuber

enlarged, underground stem

bulb

underground stem made in layers, like an onion

herbaceous stems

nonwoody stems; soft and green

xylem

carries water and nutrients from roots to upper parts of plant

phloem

carries sugars made in the leaves to all growing plant parts

roots

vegetative structure which anchors plant to the ground and aborbs water and nutrients from soil

taproot

one large root with a number of branches

fibrous root system

made of many small roots that spread out in the soil

primary root

first root that grows from a seed

root cap

protects root tip as it grows through the soil

transpiration

movement of water out of the leaves

example of plant with a taproot system

carrot

example of a root with a fbrous root system

corn

example of a plant producing tubers

irish potato

example of a plant with simple leaves

oak

example of a plant with compound leaves

locust tree

example of an annual plant

squash

example of a bi-ennial plant

cabbage

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