External locus of control
The idea that chance or outside forces beyond your control determines one's fate.
The hopelessness that comes when a person learns when they cannot avoid repeated bad events.
Internal locus of control
The idea that one controls one's own fate.
A projective test that uses a standardized set of ink blots.
Thematic Apperception Test. A projective test that uses a standardardized set of pictures.
A trait theory. The traits can be remembered by the acronym OCEAN.
Jung's idea that we share inherited memory traces in an unconscious separate from the Personal Unconscious.
Most commonly used objective personality test.
The part of the personality that is in touch with reality.
Part of the personality that operates on the Pleasure Principle.
Part of personality that operates on the Moral Principle.
Level of the mind that is like the long term memory.
Level of the mind where we hide thoughts we do not want to think about ...ever. Largest level of the mind.
The counseling technique that Freud used to get into the unconscious mind. Person says whatever comes to mind.
Mental Tricks the Ego used to ease the stress of dealing with the Id and Superego.
At the end of the Phallic stage when a child begins to model the same sex parent.
Projective Personality Test
Tests that people supposedly project their own inner feelings onto...
Putting threatening thoughts or wishes into the unconscious mind.
When you are Really 2 Faced. Switching an unacceptable impulse into it's opposite.
When you are stuck or arrested in an earlier psychosexual stage.
What you are thinking of right now.
Fundamental Attribution Error
Attribute other's behavior to their personality, instead of considering that that the situation caused the behavior.
foot in the door
Ask person for a small favor or request, then after they agree, ask for a larger favor.
If I person has two conflicting thoughts (I am a Democrat but going to Young Republicans with my girlfriend), they will change a thought or behavior so that their thoughts are not dissonant.
Adjusting your behavior to meet a group's standard (doing what the group does).
You perform better when you are around others.
The tendency to not work as hard, or pull your weight when you are a member of a group.
"mob mentality" Acting in a way that is not like yourself because you feel anonymous as a part of a large group.
Starts with a group of like minded people. The more they discuss their beliefs, the more convinced they become that they are correct.
The goal of a group is harmony.
An unjustifed attitude toward a group of people.
A belief about a group of people.
Thinking that people in your group are somehow better than people not in your group.
Blaming others (usually someone whom you have prejudice toward) for a problem.
just world phenomenon
In a "just world" people get what they deserve. So if something bad happens to someone, you assume that they "had it coming".
frustration aggression principle
Frustration (being blocked from reaching a goal) causes aggression.
mere exposure effect
More you are around someone (exposed to) more you begin to like them.
Unselfish regard for the welfare of others. Putting others first.
The more people are around someone who needs help, the less likely it is that they will help.
When people put aside their differences to work for a common goal.
Book used to diagnose psychological disorders.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
In GENERAL, being anxious all the time.
Attack of overwhelming fear or dread.
Obsessions (thoughts) cause anxiety, and Compulsions (actions) stop anxiety.
Mind converts stress into a (fake) physical problem that resolves the stress.
Amnesia plus moving. A person loses memories and removes him/herself from where they are living.
Hallucinations (usually auditory), delusions (believing something that is not true), word salad (disorganized thoughts and language).
Uses free association and dream therapy to gain access to the unconscious.
Uses reflective listening and lots of unconditional positive regard to get people back on the track of self-actualization.
A form is rational-emotive. Change irrational or negative thinking.
Use classical, operant and observational learning to get rid of maladaptive behaviors.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. These are antidepressants such as Prozac which make more serotonin available to the brain.
Used to treat bi-polar disorder.
Thorazine, Haldol, Clozaril. Block dopamine use.
Practice of releasing patients with mental disorders to the community. As the mental hospitals have emptied, the number of homeless and the number of people in prison has increased.