WHCH. 7 - India and China Establish Empires

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Quiz on Ch. 7 Vocabulary Words

Mauryan Empire

The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and survived until 184 B.C.E.

Asoka

The grandson of Chandragupta, who is considered the best leader of the Mauryan Empire.

Religious Toleration

acceptance of people who held different religious beliefs

Tamil

a language of southern India; also, the people who speak that language

Gupta Empire

The second empire in India, founded by Chandra Gupta I in A.D. 320 based in the Ganges Valley.

Patriarchal

describing a family headed by the father, husband, or oldest male

Matriarchal

relating to a social system in which the mother is head of the family

Mahayana

Sect of Buddhism where people accepted new doctrines of Buddhism which allowed for mass religion that offered salvation to all and allowed popular worship.

Theravada

A sect of Buddhism focusing on the strict spiritual discipline originally advocated by the Buddha.

Stupas

Mounded stone structures built over holy relics which Bhuddists walked the paths around to meditate.

Brahma

A Hindu god considered the creator of the world.

Vishnu

A Hindu god considered the preserver of the world

Shiva

an important Hindu deity who in the trinity of gods was the Destroyer

kalidasa

one of India's greatest writers. Might have been court poet for Chandra Gupta II. Famous play - Shakuntala - girl who falls in love w/ and marries a King.

Silk Roads

a system of ancient caravan routes across Central Asia, along which traders carried silk and other trade goods.

Han Dynasty

The dynasty that took over after Liu Bang beat Xiang Yu, and which ruled for more than 400 years. It was also very influencial.

Centralized Government

a government in which a central authority controls the running of a state.

Civil Service

system; practice of government employment based on competitive examinations and merit using the teachings of Confuscius.

Monopoly

occurs when a group has exclusive control or production and distribution of certain goods.

Assimilation

the process of making conquered peoples part of Chinese culture especially under the Han Dynasty.

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