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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. New Amsterdam
  2. Separatists
  3. Connecticut Valley
  4. Covenant
  5. Smallpox
  1. a all Puritans believed they had this with God; the concept was central to their entire political and religious philosophy
  2. b Puritan group who were so appalled at the corruption of the English church that they had abandoned it; went first to Holland, but eventually left for the New World and settled Plymouth
  3. c fertile region with lots of access to the sea (for trade); MA populations were growing, so settlers looked here and other places to expand; already inhabited by the Pequots, who resisted English incursions
  4. d fort at the mouth of the Hudson River, established by the Dutch in 1626
  5. e Europeans were "carriers" of this disease; exposure to it resulted in the deaths of many Native Americans

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. proprietorship; royal gift to James (Charles II's brother); declared a royal colony when James became king in 1685
  2. 1598; provided for religious toleration of the Huguenots who might otherwise have fled the mother country (France)
  3. proprietorship established by William Penn; one of the fastest growing early colonies; natural bounty; liberal policies toward religious freedom and civil liberties
  4. period before Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World, when N America was populated by Native Americans
  5. English who destroyed the Powhatan Confederacy, after numerous conflicts, in 1644

5 True/False Questions

  1. Act of Tolerationbeginning marked by arrival of Columbus; time during which Europe sustained contact with the Americas and introduced a widespread exchange of plants, animals, foods, communicable diseases, and ideas in the Columbian Exchange


  2. Encomiendasa territory settled and controlled by a foreign power


  3. Native Americansaka American Indians; descendants of Asian migrants who traveled through Siberia (modern Russia), across the frozen Bering Strait, and into North America; initial migration was 20,000-40,000 years ago


  4. Absolutiststhose who believe that monarchs are given their authority by God and are therefore deserving of all governing power


  5. John Winthropgovernor of the Massachusetts Bay colony; delivered the "city upon a hill" sermon on the ship Arabella


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