the Muslim holy book. The first (chronologically) books are about impending end of the world, then there are retellings of stories of Muhammad and then books on how the umma should be formed. Its words are considered the actual words of God, not inspired words like in Christianity.
Muslim name for the one and only God; Supreme God in strictly monotheistic Islam.
the second pillar of Islam is prayer; Pray 5 times a day.
another word for blasphemy; , to avoid or get out of doing work, neglect a duty; to sneak, slink; (Islam) to elevate something that is not God making it a god, or pulling god down to the human level.
Five Pillars of Islam
true Muslims were expected to follow (principle of Salvation): belief in Allah, pray 5 times a day, giving of alms, fasting during Ramadan, pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime
Muhammad's migration from Mecca to (Yathrib) Medina in A. D. 622; this event marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar; muslims fight.
570-632. Born in Mecca, died in Medina. Founder of Islam. Regarded by Muslims as a prophet of God. Teachings make up the Qu'ran, the Muslim holy book.
The confession/Declaration of faith, the first of the Five Pillars and central creedal statement of Islam: "There is no god except God. Muhammad is the messenger of God."
the 3rd pillar of Islam Islams giving as an act of worship; Tax for charity; obligatory for all Muslims
A branch of Islam whose members acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Muhammad; Adherents to the largest branch of Islam, called the orthodox or traditionalist. They believe in the effectiveness of family and community in the solution of life's problems, and they differ from the Shiites in accepting the traditions (sunna) of Muhammad as authoritative.
a Muslim who represents the mystical dimension of Islam; Muslim mystics who sought communion with God through meditation, fasting, and other rituals. Other muslim groups view this group to be heretical in that it is claimed that they commit Shirk through trying to elevate themselves to commune with Allah
a law code drawn up by Muslim scholars after Muhammad's death; it provided believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives; , literally, "the way to the watering hole." came to mean the Islamic law based on the Qur'an and the sunnah. The **** is the whole body of rules guiding the life of a Muslim in law, ethics, and etiquette; sometimes called Sacred Law (or Canon Law).
the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan; A major innovation against the background of seventh-century Arabia, where traditionally kinship rather than faith had determined membership in a community. (p. 231)
the fifth pillar of Islam is a pilgrimage to Mecca during the month of Dhu al-Qadah; the pilgrimage to Mecca, which every adult Muslim is supposed to make at least once in his or her lifetime.
the 4th pillar of Islam is fasting (primarily during the month of Ramadan); Fast or go without food and drink from the first light of day to sunset during the month of Ramadan (the 9th month of the Muslim year).
a title that muslims use for the highest leader of Islam, the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth
a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs; A group of Islamic religion that believes that its religious leader should be chosen based on heredity.
Word meaning faith/belief; a leader of prayer in a mosque;