where is the italian peninsula located?
the central ppeninsula
how does italy prove to be more easy to unify than greece?
1) italy isnt broken into small isolated valleys
2) the apennine mountains , which run down the italian pennensual is less rugged than the mountains of Greece
3) Italy has broad, fertil plains in the north and the west
what were the ancestors of the romans called?
where did the Latins settle primaraly?
along the tiber river
acording to legend who founded rome?
romulus and remus
the twins were said to be sons of who?
a latin woman and the war god Mars
who were the Etruscans?
people who lived mostly north of rome and ruled much of central italy including rome itself.
what did the romans learn from the etruscan civilization?
1)they adapted the alphabet
2) construction (the arch)
3) etruscan engineering (irrigation)
4) adopted some etruscan gods and goddesses
when did the romans drive out their etruscan ruler and is also consideredto mark the founding of the Roman state?
what does republic mean in english and latin?
english= where the people choose of the officials
latin= res publica= gov. of the people
what was the most powerful governing body in the early republic?
the 300 members of the senate were called what?
members of the landholding upper class
what was the job of the two counculs nominated by the senate?
to supervise the busness of gov. and command the armies
rulerwho has complete control over a gov.
who did the romans look up to as a model dictator?
farmers merchants artisans and traders
what did tribunes do?
elected by the plebeians they were expected to protect their interests by vetoing or blocking laws that they felt were harmful to plebeians.
what made it possible for the first time for plebeians to appeal a judgment handed down by a patrician judge?
the laws of the twelve tables
what was the basic unit of roman society?
how did roman woman play a larger role in society than the greek woman?
1) they could own property
2) they ran a variaty of businesses
what did most roman women do?
they worked at home raising their families, spinning and weaving
Define a legion