Mercyb Unit 9 PostWar Europe Review

29 terms by lindatownsend 

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Satellite nations

Communist countries of Eastern Europe

NATO

an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries

Warsaw Pact

An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO

Berlin Blockade

Soviet blocking of trade to West Berlin from allies; Causing the Berlin Airlift

Truman Doctrine

A doctrine that promised to aid people struggling to resist threats to democratic freedom.

Yalta Conference

Meeting where Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill planned the final stages of WW2

Glasnost

Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.

Perestroika

A policy of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to revitalize the Soviet economy by opening it up to more free enterprise

Big three

allies during WWII; Soviet Union - Stalin, United Kingdom - Churchill, United States - Roosevelt

Gorbachev

Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms

Berlin Wall

a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West

Security Council

branch of the United Nations responsibled for sending United Nations troops to crisis areas- 5 permanent members are France, Great Britain,Russia, The United States and China- 10 other countries rotate membership

General Assembly

UN institution in which all member states are equally represented.

EURO

the basic currency shared by the countries of the European Union since 1999

Putin

Current President of Russia

Nuremberg

site of court proceedings after WW II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes

Medvedev

Current Prime Minister of Russia

Yeltsin

First democratically elected president of Russia.

Iron Curtain

Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.

Marshall Plan

a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)

Containment Policy

US policy to stop expansion of Soviet Union and Communism

Stalin

Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)

Socialism

an economic system based on state ownership of all businesses

Capitalism

an economic system based on private ownership of businesses (Free Market)

Communism

a political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society

Nazis

Political party of Hitler, outlawed today in Germany

Republic

a government in which citizens rule through elected representatives

Potsdam Conference

Post war conference where Truman, Atlee and Stalin complete Yalta agreements. Cold War feelings begin.

Veto

Power given to the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council

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