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the disorder that is characterized by eating binges followed by forced vomiting is called

bulimia nervosa

Carol has become very afraid of being overweight. She has recently reduced her food intake although she feels hungry all the time. As a result, her weight has dropped sharply below average, but she still believes that she is overweight. Carol is most likely experiencing:

anorexia nervosa

According to the DSM-IV-TR, to be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, a person's weight loss must be at least _____ % below normal.

15

a person who stopped eating candy and other sweets, then gradually eliminated other foods until the person was eating almost nothing could be experiencing:

restricted-type anorexia nervosa

What is the first type of food usually eliminated from the diet of the developing anorexic person?

sweets and fattening snacks

A person who loses weight by forcing herself to vomit after meals or by using laxatives, and who otherwise fits the definition of anorexia is experiencing:

poisoning

What % of individuals with anorexia die from medical complications?

2-6

The peak age for the onset of anorexia nervosa is:

14-18

The primary motivating emotion a person with anorexia experience is:

fear

a modern explanation of why many anorexic people continually have food-related thoughts and dreams is that:

food deprivation

the most common cognitive disturbance in anorexia nervosa is:

distorted body image

If you were looking at a photograph of yourself and adjusting the size until you thought the picture looked like you, you would most likely be participating in an assessment of you:

accuracy in estimating body size

a patient in therapy who eats exactly eight pieces of bread that he or she has carefully made into balls of equal diameter is displaying a symptom of anorexia nervosa related to:

obsessive-compulsive patterns

misusing diuretics and laxatives following a binge is a symptom of the _____ type of bulimia nervosa:

purging

someone who fasts or exercises strenuously following a binge is engaging in:

non-purging type

bulimia is always characterized by:

uncontrollable eating

if an anorexic woman has lanugo, what has happened?

ludocious-> fine silky hair on body

the central featuure of bulimia nervosa is:

binge eating followed by compensatory behavior

the best diagnosis for a woman who regularly eats a whole pizza, a carton of ice cream, and a box of donuts at one sitting, then forces herself to throw it all up is:

purging-type bulemia nervosa

Whora binges almost every day. Cookies, cake, ice cream, and almost anything else that is sweet goes down her throat. Sometime during the binge she takes a huge dose of a laxative o that she will "empty out" the food. This set of assumptions would lead to a diagnosis of:

purging-type

If binge eating if followed by a period of strenuous exercise to compensate for the food, the diagnosis is probably:bulimia nervosa

non-purging type bulimia nervosa

people who are often overweight and regularly binge eat without compensatory behaviors are experiencing:

binge eating disorder

if a friend of yours had bulimia nervosa and engaged in frequent binges, about how many of his or her binges per week would you expect to witness yourself?

none

In terms of emotions, the pattern common in bulimia from prebinge, through binge, to postbinge is best describes as:

tension and irritability-> pleasure-> extreme guilt and depression

for people with bulimia nervosa, binge episodes produce feelings of:

guilt and depression

how successful are compensatory behaviors in controlling weight?

repeated vomiting/appear sasiated

what is the most likely explanation for the different explanations of eating disorders in men and women?

male eating disorder are tied to work or sports

similiarities between bulimia and anorexia include:

begin after period of dieting; fear of obesity

one medical problem linked to bulimia nervosa is:

tooth loss

the medical problem that is about twice as frequent in anorexic women as it is in bulimic women is:

amenorrhea

the currently accepted view of anorexia is that is cause is:

multi demensional

if one found that the avg. weight and size of cheerleaders had declined significantly over the years, and that those who aspired to be cheerleaders had a high level of eating disorders, one would have evidence for_____causes of eating disorders.

societal

which processional are most at risk for an eating disoder

actors and athletes

in one study, prospective parents rated a picture of a chubby child as less _____ than an average weight child

friendly, energetic, intelligent and desirable

research on doll choice in preschoolers shows that

preschool children consistantly choose the skinny doll over the chubby doll

family members are overinvolved in each other's lives, but are affectionate and loyl. this description fits Minuchin's definition of an:

enmeshed family pattern

Savador Minuchin describes a family system in which members are overly involved in each other's affairs. It is known as the:

enmeshed family pattern

the important contribution to the treatment of eating disorders mde by Hilde Bruch combines which theorectical frameworks?

psychodynamic and cognitive disturbances

what underlies Bruch's ego deficient biew of eating disorders is a sense of:

lack of control over lives and miperception of intenrnal cues

Burch's research suggests that when people with eating disorders are anxious or upset, they thing thehy are

hungry

support for the idea that mood disorders set the stage for eating disorders comes from evidence that shows:

high rate mood disorders

the levels of brain _____ are low in many people with depression and in eating disorders

seratonin

the part of the brain most closely associated with the control of eating and body weight is the

hypothalamus

when an experienter stimulates a rat's lateral hypothalamus, the most likely result is:

eating

when an experiementer stimulaes a hungr rat's ventromedial hyptothalamus, the mnost problably short-term result is:

reduces hunger

according to the weight set point theory, the consequences of dieting to below one's weight set point are:

increasing urge to binge

a person's "weight set point" is

"weight thermostat" responsible for keeping an individual at a particular weight

the first step in treating anorexia nervosa is to:

person begins to regain loss weight

the treatment that has been the most popular for restoring weight among anorexic persons is:

supported nurse care and high calorie diet

anoretic patient receive a gradually increasing diet over the course of several weeks, encouragement, education, and reassurance that they will not become obese. The form of therapy they are receiving is:

supportive nursing care

all treatments for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa share the long-term common goal of:

addressing the underlying causes of the disorder

if a therapist were trying to help a bulimic patient recognize and change her maladaptive attitudes toward food, weight, eating, and body shape, the tehrapist would most likely be practicing:

cognitive therapy

all the treatment methods for bulimia nervosa share the immediate goal of:

assisting clinets to eliminate bing/purge patterns

tanya is a behavioral therapist who exposes bulimic pateitns to situations that usually cause binge episodes and then prevents them from binge eating. the technique that she is using is called:

exposure and response prevention

a therapist who sat with the bulimic patient while the patient ate appropriate quantities of "forbidden" foods, and then stayed until the patient no longer had the urge to purge would be practicing:

exposure and response prevention

the medication most helpful in the treatment of bulimia is an:

antidepressants prozac and fluoxetine

relapse for both bulimia and anorexia is most likely triggered by

life stresses

the hallucinations and disortions of perception some drugs produce are called:

intoxication

a college professors work performance recently has deteriorated, and the professor's colleagues find the professor difficult to talk to. if this is due to a problem with drugs, the best description of this professor's behavior as detailed above would be

substance abuse

a frequent drug user finds that more and more drug is necessary to produce the same "high" that much lower doses once produced. that drug user is developing:

tolerance

the long-term pattern of maladaptive behavior caused by the regular use of some chemical or drug is called:

substance abuse

melanie has taken a lot of the drug that she was offered and in spit of being obviously uncoordinated and under the influence she wants to drive her car.

intoxication

intoxication is abtually a form of:

poisoning

mendon began by taking one amphetamine a day to control his appetite. after a month or so it did not work as well but two pills did. this is an example of:

tolerance

jenny simply cannot get up in the morning without her uppers. she feels she must take them every day. she has:

substance dependance/addiction

a newly developed drug causes users to lose some muscle control, slurring their speech and slowing central nervous system activity. most likely this new drug is a:

depressant

alcohol works as a central nervous system depressant by:

binding to neuron receptors

if all you know about someone is that the person has been binge drinking in the past month, then you know the person had at least:

five drinks at a time and probably male

women tolerate alcohol less well than men because

less alcohol dehydrogenase (stomach enzyme)

the blood-alcohol level that typically produces the symptoms of intoxication is ____ of the blood volume

.09

a person has ingested enough ethyl alcohol to lose consciousness, but not enough to produce death. the probably alcohol concentration in that person (in % of blood volume) is:

.40

a friend of yours who has been doing some recent heavy drinking asks you what to do to "sober up" as quickly as possible. your best answer would be:

time and metabolism

one sobers up sooner than another the same gender and weight. This difference is most likely due to:

metabolism

A full time college student has just become a college dropout. The chances that alcohol was a factor in the dropout is about:

1 in 4

One study shows that, in "substance-free" dorms, the percent of students who are binge drinkers is:

36%

Perhaps the most important criticism of studies of binge drinking is that they:

rely on student self-reports

according to a recent study by Henry Wechsler, the best predictor of college binge drinking is:

living in a frat or sorority hours

the severe withdrawl symptoms seen in alcohol withdrawal are known as:

delirium tremens

a person you know has just started experiencing delirium tremens. probably they will last:

2-3 days

in what proportion of suicides and rapes in the US does alcoholism play a role?

1/3

the scarring of the liver caused by alcohol consumption is known as:

cirrhosis

a combination of alcohol abuse and a vitamin B deficiency can lead to:

corsicops

serious drinker. huge memory lapses. she makes up wild stories to help fill in what she doesn't remember. this syndrome:

confabulation

drinking alcohol during pregnancy can damage the developing embryo and fetus, resulting in

fetal alcohol syndrome

nan took the drug she was handed and in a few mins felt calm and drowsy, and then went to sleep. she probably took a:

sedative-hypnotic drug

a pattern of mental retardation, head and facial deformities, heart defects, and slow growth characterizes one with

fetal alcohol syndrome

barbituarates were first prescribed to help people:

to light anxiety to help people sleep

the part of the brain that appears to be affected by high doses of barbituartes is the:

reticular formation

barbituarates primarily affect the neurotransmitter:

GABA

because of the likelihood of convulsions, withdrawal from _____ is especially dangerous.

barbituates

a wounded veteran of the US Civil War suffering from "soldiers' disease" most likely was suffering from:

addiction to morphine

If a physician wanted to relieve anxiety with a lesser risk of drowsiness, overdose, and slowed breathing, the physicians would prescribe:

benzodyazaline

"a powerful remedy for coughs," stated an advertisement in a 1903 medical journal, referring to a drug developed by the Elberfeld Company, called:

heroin

a friend says, "I want to minimize my risks of organ damage and long-lasting mental change," and then asks, "what kind of drug should I most avoid?" Your best answer is:

alcohol

the drug with the lowest risks for drug dependency and long-term behavioral change is:

cannabis

after the accident, kendra was taken to the hospital with broken legs and arms. they almost immediately gave her a shot that reduced her pain. the shot was probably:

morphine

all the opioid drugs are known as:

narcotics

serina has just had a shot of heroin. she feels intense pleasure very quickly. this is:

Rush

The drug which would produce effect similar to what the neurotransmitters called endorphins produce--- pleasurable, calming feelings--- is:

heroin

during his first night in the detoxification unit, Quent developed what seemed like a case of the flu. he ached all over and had diarrhea. he was probably withdrawing from:

heroin

a person who has injected a narcotic feels relaxed, happy, and unconcerned about food, sex, or other bodily needs. this person is experiencing what is known as:

high

a heroin overdose is likely to occur when:

one has been without heroin for a period of time, then takes usual dose

why is the risk transmitting AIDS an important factor for heroin users?

dirty needles

in the past 25 years, the rate of opioid addiction in the US has:

down and up at least twice

mario felt awake and alive and as though he could conquer the world after taking:

stimulant

about what percent of the population becomes dependent on cocaine at some point in their lives?

3%

the withdrawal symptoms that persist for more than a few weeks are likely to result from addiction to:

cocaine

ellen stopped taking her regular amount of cocaine after using it for months. she will probably experience:

depression and fatigue

free-basing has the effect of making cocaine:

more concentrated

"why is crack becoming more popular in the high schools?" a friend asks. your best data-based reply is:

its cheap and fast

if you were tring to convince a friend not to be a cocaine user, what would you cite as the greatest risk coming from cocaine use?

overdose effects

amphetamine users run an unusually high risk of beoming dependent because amphetamines:

produce drug tolerance quickly

a friend asks you for advice on how to stop smoking. based on the data, your best advice for your friend would be:

aversion therapy

the stimulant used by more people in the world than any other is:

caffeine

how many cups of coffee would one have to drink to produce seizures and respiratory or circulatory failure?

100 cups of coffee

consumption of which drug has dcreased among americans since the mid 1980s?

caffeine

sits alone, says the saps runs in the tree, the leaves appear purple... the person has recently used:

a hallucinogen, LSD

while under the influence of LSD, Matilda believes that she can feel the sounds around her. This effect is known as:

synesthesia

what is the risk of tolerance and physical addiction to hallucinogens as as compared to other addictive drugs?

minimal

the chief danger of LSD use is:

possibility of very powerful, sometimes negative, reactions

a person takes a drug at noon. although remaining awake and alert, the person experiences poor coordination, palpitations, and greatly enhanced visual perceptions. by dinner the sympstos have pretty well subsided. most likely that person took:

LSD

at the rave, a student took a drug which caused a great burst of energy, along with badly distorted visual experiences. this drug:

ecstasy

months after taking a drug, a former drug abuser still produces very little serotonin. the person is depressed and anxious, and has great difficulty remembering new material. Most likely, the abused drug was:

ecstasy

the most powerful form of cannabis is:

hashish

the duratioin of most of the effects of cannabis is about:

3-6 hours

polysubstance use involving illegal drugs occurs in about what percent of US illegal drug users?

over 60%

studies attemption to relate personality traits to potential for developing substance abuse show that:

no single trait or combination predicts substance abuse

assume you have a 14 year old that says why can't i start drinking? your answer is:

those who begin drinking before age 15 are more likely to become alcoholics

the fastest wa to get a drug to the brain is:

inhalantion

daniel, an IV heroin user, feels intense cravings when he sees hypodermic needles. this might be an example of:

classical conditioning

the ideal that stimuli gives you pleasure lead to brain processes that counteract the effects of that pleasure is consistent with an explanation for drug use based on:

opponent processes

if genetics plays a strong role in the development of cocaine abuse, we would expect to find the lowest concordance rates for cocaine abuse among:

genetically unrelated pairs of people

adoption studies of alcoholics children have uncovered:

even if adopted at birth, if a child's biological parents were alcoholics, they are more likely to become alcoholics

research indicates that the most important neurotransmitter in the "pleasure pathway" of the brain is probably:

dopamine

psychodynamic therapies may no be very effective in the treatment of substance-related disorders because:

the habit actually is also a lifestyle or becomes a lifestyle

earn rewards if they produce urine samples that are drug free. the program is a form of:

operant conditioning

jason (recovering heavy drinker) has been trained to identy the situations that might cause him to drink and to be aware of when he should stop drinking. this approach is known as:

relapse prevention training

jess thought she was taking asprin. later when she had wine and became very nauseated she realized the pill was:

disulfuram

the purpose of an antagonist drug is to:

drugs which effects oppose each other. Ex. stimulant & depressant

the use of narcotic antagonists can be dangerous. this is based on their ability to initiate:

severe withdrawl

the use of metadone in drug maintenance programs is controversial because methadone:

produces a withdrawl more difficult than heroin withdrawl

self-help group (AA) provides peer support and specific guidlines, supports most directly which form of therapy?

sociocultural

hannah goes to a meeting because her husband is an alcoholic who only occasionally can abstain from alcohol. the meetings with other people in similar situations helps her cope. she probably attends meetings of:

alanon

most evidence for the effectiveness of self-help programs comes from:

testimonials from those who have been through the program

a clinician wishes to begin a drug abuse prevention campaign in a community. the most important ting the clinician can do is it:

consistent message across media

a person who becomes sexually aroused in the presence of stimuli most people in that person's society would not think appropriate is experiencing:

paraphilia

if someone felt assigned to the wrong sex and identified with the other gender, that person would most likely receive a diagnosis of:

gender identity disorder

research shows that sexual dysfunctions among homosexual couples:

same as heterosexual couples

a man who has never been able to achieve or maintain an erection for sexual intercourse would most likely be diagnosed with what type of erectile disorder?

lifelong

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