the transformation from an agricultural to an industrial nation
a logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of economic activities & the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated
expenses that change with the number of products produced
Friction of Distance
the increase in time and cost that usually comes with increasing distance
Least Cost Theory
Model developed by Alfred Weber according to which the location of manufacturing establishments is determined by the minimization of three critical expenses: labor, transportation, and agglomeration.
A process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities. The term often refers to manufacturing plants and businesses that benefit from close proximity because they share skilled-labor pools and technological and financial amenities.
the dispersal of an industry that formerly existed in an established agglomeration
An area that is completely seperated from the rest of the industry
Primary Industrial Regions
Western and Central Europe; Eastern North America; Russia and Ukrane; and Eastern Asia, each of which consists of one or more core areas of industrial development with subsidiary clusters
A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly.
Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that perform a variety of tasks.
reliably getting products there just before the customer needs them
Global Division of Labor
Phenomenon whereby corporations and others can draw from labor markets around the world, make possible by the compression of time and space through innovation in communication and transportation systems
places where two or more modes of transportation meet (including air, road, rail, barge, and ship)
process by which companies move industrial jobs to other regions with cheaper labor, leaving the newly deindustrialized region to switch to a service economy and to work through a period of high unemployment
with reference to production, to turn over in part or in total to a third party
away from shore
states in the south and southwest that have a warm climate and tend to be politically conservative
Centers or nodes of high-technology research and activity around which a high-technology corridor is sometimes established.