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Zheng He

A Chinese Muslim -- Emissary to the increasingly Muslim-dominated Indian Ocean basin

Arawak

Amerindians that traveled

Henry the Navigator

Traveler; Prince -- set up institution in Africa

Caravel

New vessel; smaller, but easier to navigate, go into shallow waters and sustain storms

Gold Coast

headquarters of Portugal's west African trade.

Bartolomeu Dias

First Portuguese explorer to round the southern tip of Africa and enter the Indian Ocean

Vasco da Gama

sailed around Africa and reached India

Christopher Columbus

A Genoese mariner

Importance of Christopher Columbus

First to reach New World from Old World; stubbornly insisted it was India

Ferdinand Magellan

designed to complete Columbus's interrupted westward voyage

Importance of Magellan

Magellan strait; first to circle the globe

Conquistadors

warriors that fought for religion and wealth

Hernan Cortes

Defeated Aztecs

Moctezuma II

Aztec emperor; sent messages to greet Cortes

Francisco Pizarro

leader of band of 180 men, 37 horses and two cannons; defeated Inca

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