← Learning Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Premack principle
- Operant conditioning
- Delayed conditioning
- Continuous reinforcement
- a schedule that provides reinforcement following the particular behavior every time it is emitted; best for acquisition of a new behavior.
- b the sudden appearance of an answer or solution to a problem.
- c a more probable behavior can be used as a reinforcer for a less probable one.
- d learning that occurs when an active learner performs certain voluntary behavior and the consequences of the behavior (pleasant/unpleasant) determine the likelihood of its recurrence.
- e ideal training - neutral stimulus precedes the unconditioned stimulus, briefly overlaps.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- unconditioned stimulus presented first and neutral stimulus follows.
- removal of a rewarding consequence that follows a voluntary behavior thereby decreasing the probability the behavior will be repeated.
- repeatedly presenting a conditioned stimulus without an unconditioned stimulus leads to a return of neutral stimulus.
- predisposition to easily learn behaviors related to survival of the species.
- positively reinforcing closer and closer approximations of a desired behavior to teach a new behavior.
5 True/False Questions
Unconditioned response (UCR or UR) → reflexively, or automatically, brings about the unconditioned response.
Observational learning → learning that occurs by watching the behavior of a model.
Unconditioned stimulus (UCS or US) → a neutral stimulus (NS) at first, but when paired with the UCS, it elicits the conditioned response (CR).
Negative reinforcement → removal of an average consequence that follows a voluntary behavior, thereby increasing the probability the behavior will be repeated; two types are escape and avoidance.
Conditioned taste aversion → an intense dislike and avoidance of a food because of its association with an unpleasant or painful stimulus through backward conditioning.