In a text, an element that stands for more than itself and, therefore, helps to convey a theme of the text.
A part of something used to refer to the whole- for example, "50 head of cattle" referring to 50 complete animals.
One of two or more words or expressions of the same language that have the same or nearly the same meaning in some or all senses
The order of words in a sentence
The message conveyed by a literary work.
The writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject matter.
An artful variation from expected modes of expression of thoughts and ideas.
Deliberate playing down of situation in order to make a point- for example, "As the principal dancer, Joe Smith displayed only two flaws: his arms and his legs."
A place of ideal perfection especially in laws, government, and social conditions
The textual features, such as diction and sentence structure that convey a writer's or speaker's persona.
A trope in which one word, usually a noun or the main verb, governs two other words not related in meaning ("He maintained a business and his innocence")