Properties of Organic 1)elements 2) particles 3) bonding 4) polarity 5) melting point 6) boiling point 7)flammability 8) solubility in water
1) C and H, sometimes O,S, N, or Cl 2) molecules 3)mostly covalent 4) nonpolar 5) usually low 6) usually low 7) high 8) not soluable in water
inorganic properties 1) elements 2) particles 3) bonding 4) polarity 5) melting point 6) boiling point 7) flammability 8) solubility in water
1) most metals and nonmetals 2) ions 3)ionic, some are covalent 4) polar or ionic, some covalent 5) usually high 6) usually high 7) low 8) soluable in water
what is a alkane?
alkane are carbon atoms that are attached by a single bond
what is a alkene?
alkenes contain 1 or more double bonds
what is a alkyne?
alkynes contain a triple bond
what is a ester?
a carboxyl group attached to an O then C.
what is a ether?
oxygen bonded to 2 carbons
what is a carbonyl?
C with a double bond to O
what is a hydroxyl?
-OH group bonded to a C atom
what is a carboxyl?
Carbon-oxygen double bond to -OH
what is an amine?
nitrogen with 1 or more carbon bonds
what is a amide?
carbonyl group bonded to nitrogen
what is a thiol?
-SH bonded to carbon
what is a carboxylic acid?
carbon-oxygen double bond and -OH
what is condensed structure?
each carbon atom and its attached hydrogen atoms written as a group such as CH3 or CH2
what is expanded structral formula?
shows the bonds between all of the atoms
what is molecular formula?
is how many of each element
draw an ester
draw an ether
draw a carbonyl
draw an amine
draw a thiol
draw a carboxylic acid
what is a primary alcohol?
it has 1 alkyl group attached to the C atom bonded to the hydroxyl group
what is a secondary alcohol?
it has 2 alkyl groups attached to the C atom bonded to the hydroxyl group
what is a tertiary alcohol?
it has 3 alkyl groups attached to the C atom bonded to the hydroxyl group
how do you oxide alcohol?
take the 2 hydrogens out. take the hydrogen off the -OH and the H off the bond next to it and add H20
draw a cis isomer alkene
draw a trans isomer alkene
draw a cis isomer alkyne
draw a trans isomer alkyne
identify these groups
how do you do esterfication?
take out 2 hydrogens and 1 oxygen
identify the components in the hydrolysis of an ester