*1. A majority of the early English migrants to the Chesapeake Bay area were
B) indentured servants
*6. African Americans who fled the violence of the Reconstruction South in 1879 and 1880 to start anew in Kansas were known as
12. In the last half of the nineteenth century, the New South advocates supported
B) expansion of southern industry
13. President Theodore Roosevelt addressed all of the following issues during his presidency EXCEPT
D) insider trading on the stock market
15. The United States devided the open Door policy in 1899 in order to
C) Protect United States economic interests in China
16. The excerpts above appeared in the platform of which of the following political parties?
C) Populist Party
22. Which of the following was true of colonial New England?
C) Life was centered in clustered villages with farmland surrounding the villages
23. The Constitutional Convention of 1787 did all of the following EXCEPT
E) determine provisions to be included in the Bill of Rights
25. The concept of republican motherhood includes the idea that women should
C) be educated to raise their children to be good citizens
26. The Missouri Compromise was a victory for antislavery advocates because it
A) provided for the gradual emancipation of slaves in Missouri
***27. During the first half of the nineteenth century, the central and western areas of New York were known as the "burned-over district" because
A) of intense religious zeal created during the Second Great Awakening
***32. According to historian Frederick Jackson Turner, a key factor in the development of American individualism and democracy was
E) the frontier
34. Jacob Riis's principal involvement in the reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was his effort to
C) publicize poor housing and sanitation in urban tenements
*35. During Reconstruction, a major economic development in the South was the
B) spread of sharecropping
*36. A key goal of the Progressive movement was to
C) use government power to regulate industrial production and labor conditions
*38. Which of the following resulted form the Cuban missile crisis?
E) The Soviets withdrew their missiles from Cuba in exchange for a promise from the United States not to attack Fidel Castro
*42. The government of the Articles of Confederation was successful in resolving the problem of how to
D) provide for statehood for western territories
*43. Which of the following happened as a result of Bacon's Rebellion in 1676?
C) Tensions between backcountry farmers and the tidewater gentry were exposed
*44. Alexander Hamilton's domestic and foreign policies were directed primarily toward strengthening the federal government by
C) averting United States entanglement in Europe's wars
46. A key purpose of Henry Clay's American System was to
C) develop a national economy by improving transportation
*47. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which of the following was the principal public opponent of lynching in the South?
D) Ida B. Wells
*48. Which of the following was true of the 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases and the 1883 Civil Rights cases?
A) They weakened the protections given to African Americans under the Fourteenth Amendment
*54. Which of the following was an achievement of the John F. Kennedy administration?
D) Passage of the Alliance for Progress to provide economic aid for Latin America
*55. During the Civil War, the Republican Party passed legislation promoting economic development concerning all of the following EXCEPT the
A) granting of government subsidies to encourage the export of manufactured goods
***56. Which of the following was NOT a figure in the Harlem Renaissance?
E) A. Philip Randolph
*59. Which of the following led a campaign to block ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment?
B) Phyllis Schlafly
*60. All of the following were crises during Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency EXCEPT
E) the Soviet Union blockading river, road, and rail traffic into West Berlin
*64. What was the primary intention of the Adams administration in enforcing the Sedition Act?
B) To intimidate critics of Adam's foreign policy toward France and England
*65. The most controversial and divisive component of the Compromise of 1850 was the
C) passage of a tougher national fugitive slave act
*68. The passage above was most effectively used for which purpose in the late nineteenth century?
C) Limiting the power of labor unions
*69. The slaves who participated in the Stono rebellion in South Carolina in 1739 hoped to
C) flee to Florida where the Spanish offered freedom
*78. During the 1960s, sit-in demonstrations were first effectively used by
A) college students working with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
***80. Which of the following statements about George Wallace's third-party presidential campaign in 1968 is correct?
A) He appealed to many middle-class voters upset by the civil disobedience associated with the Civil Rights and antiwar demonstrations