era of American history when the US appeared to be wealthy and powerful but in truth very few citizens were becoming rich
a wealthy & powerful person whose fortune comes from one industry
Second Industrial Revolution
period in American history (late 1800s) in which there was a rapid increase in the use of machines/factories in production, and new innovations were made in all areas of life
area of high density population; city
area of mostly residential neighborhoods located outside the heart of a city
area of small towns & farms
first man to drill for oil on land; 1859
land, labor, capital
the three factors of production
work / employment
money available for investment
a public company that sells stocks or shares
a group of similar companies that come together under one name, usually to increase profits and lessen competition; most result in monopolies
when one person or company has total control of a resource or production
a share in a company; available for purchase by the public
someone who owns stock in a company
profits from owning stock; usually a check once every 3 months
business model where a company purchases and controls all steps in production
business model where a company buys out all companies it is in competition with (similar production)
inventor of Alternating Current (AC)
inventor and proponent of Direct Current (DC)
marketer of Tesla; encouraged Americans to use AC power in their homes; wins War of Electricity
morpheme meaning "self"
morpheme meaning "time"
morpheme meaning "light"
morpheme meaning "to write or print"
morpheme meaning "sound"
morpheme meaning "air"
morpheme meaning "far off"
morpheme meaning "across"
morpheme meaning "together or with"
published Origin of Species; Theory of Evolution
Origin of Species
name of the book published by Darwin that introduced the Theory of Evolution
Survival of the Fittest
basis of the Theory of Evolution; only the strongest survive
applying the idea of survival of the fittest to humans and people; used during the Gilded Age to explain why few people were mega rich and most were poor
inventor of the telegraph
inventor of the telephone
inventor of the Kodak camera
inventor of the airplane
refined the light bulb; responsible for over 1000 patents
first modern recording device; invented by Edison
first modern video camera; invented by Edison
held the first patent for the automobile in Germany (1885)
made the auto industry more efficient with the assembly line
something that has a thin layer of gold and appears attractive on the outside, but on the inside is hallow, dull or poor
the wealthiest RAILROAD tycoon
STEEL tycoon; philanthropist
invented the Reaper (predecessor to the combine)
invented the Steel Plow
CATTLE tycoon; established Abilene as a major cow town
cheap and efficient way of producing steel
Chemical abbreviation for Iron
Chemical abbreviation for Carbon
Promontory Point, UT
place where the Transcontinental RR was finished
Rockefeller's Oil Trust; broken up in 1892 for being a monopoly
Carnegie's Steel corporation; broken up for being a monopoly
Billionaire banker who bought US Steel and helped form powerful trusts; BANK tycoon
morpheme meaning "under"
crowded and dangerous factory; no breaks
group of workers who work together to better pay, benefits, and working conditions
Knights of Labor
first major union in the US
Knights of Labor
union that recruited women, African Americans, immigrants and UNSKILLED workers
leader of the Knights of Labor
American Federation of Labor
the largest union during the Gilded Age; still active today
American Federation of Labor
union that recruited mostly SKILLED workers
leader of the American Federation of Labor
the process in which the Union meets with the owners to establish a working contract for ALL workers
Mary Harris Jones
the "most dangerous woman in America" because of her ability to unite and motivate workers
Triangle Factory Fire
over 100 women were killed in 1911 because of poor work conditions, including locked doors and no fire escapes
when a group of workers refuse to work
Railroad Strikes of 1877
strike during 1877 of workers protesting pay cuts; froze transportation in the US; President Hayes sent in Federal Troops to stop the strike
strike in Chicago in which a police officer was killed when a bomb went off; caused labor unions to be associated with terrorism
strike in a Carnegie US Steel Mill in PA; strikebreakers were brought in as well as militia and private security to break up the protesting workers; 10 workers killed
strike over railway car production; Eugene V. Debs led a group of workers on a massive strike that included other unions, soon locking up the railroad system in the US; President Cleveland sent in Federal Troops to break up the strike
Eugene V. Debs
powerful speaker and union leader of the Pullman Strike
new NON-UNIONIZED workers brought in to replace workers who are on strike
a person who believes in charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness
morpheme meaning "morals"
morpheme meaning "human"
morpheme meaning "one who believes in"
tycoon most closely associated with being a philanthropist; donated millions to the poor and to education
founded in Chicago to provide assistance to new immigrants; provided shelter, food, and education (English)
founder of the Hull House; first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize; one of the main leaders of the Women's Suffrage Movement
an apartment building in the slums; large numbers of people living in a small area
fear of immigrants; thinking native born Americans are better