1. The major function(s) of the blood include/includes ______.
all of the above
2. Different steps in cellular respiration occur in different locations in the mitochondria. Which of the following does not properly match a step of respiration to its proper location?
All of the above are correct matches between function and location.
3. Hemoglobin is:
All of the choices are correct.
4. Jennifer possesses type O blood and is considered
the universal donor
5. Insulin and glucagon are secreted by the ____________.
6. The electron transport chain in eukaryotic mitochondria results in all of the following EXCEPT:
the breakdown of glycogen to glucose.
7. The respiratory gases diffuse through ______.
8. The patient was diagnosed with ___________ because his pancreas would not produce insulin.
type I diabetes
9. Living a sedentary life style and too many sweets were responsible for Mr. Wilson developing
type II diabetes
10. Cellular respiration is the process by which:
energy from the chemical bonds of food molecules is captured by an organism.
11. Three different metabolic pathways are responsible for the production of ATP. What are they?
glycolysis, the reactions on the electron transport chain, and the Krebs (citric acid) cycle
12. Which of the following statements about glycolysis is INCORRECT?
It requires oxygen.
13. The basic muscle tissues found in humans include:
All of the choices are correct.
14. Identify the incorrect statement.
Smooth muscle can be found in the muscles of the arm.
15. Manny choked because a morsel of food slipped by his ________ that normally guards the superior opening of the larynx.
16. Which is the correct sequence of air movement during inspiration?
pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles
17. During the Krebs cycle:
the products of glycolysis are further broken down, generating additional ATP and the high-energy electron carrier NADH.
18. Which of the following statements about the cellular respiration is correct?
Most of ATP is produced during electron transfer chain.
19. The site of gas exchange in the lungs is called ______.
20. Each lobe consists of a ___________ that serves many alveoli.
21. In humans, the lungs inflate because of
contraction of the diaphragm and rib muscles
22. __________ pressure is important in the process of inspiration.
23. Homeostasis is defined as:
the constant interaction of the internal and external environments around an organism.
24. Which of the following explains why complex multicellular organisms face a major challenge in maintaining homeostasis?
Most of the body cells are not in direct contact with the external environment.
25. When maintaining homeostasis in an organism, the internal body attempts to maintain a certain "set point." If you had to propose a definition for this term, which of the following would you select?
The set point is the optimal state the body should be in.
26. ________________ gain most of their heat from their environment, while _________________ can use metabolic heat to regulate their body temperature.
27. What structure collects the filtrate directly from the glomerulus?
28. Which is the correct order of the processes used by the kidney in forming urine?
filtration → reabsorption → excretion
29. A(n) __________ is a group of many cells with similar and coordinated functions.
30. What level of biological organization comes just above the tissue level (e.g. what level is immediately above the tissue level in complexity)?
31. Choose the following that is an ATP forming reaction that requires oxygen.
32. Blood comes to a heart first through:
33. The three functions of epithelial tissue are:
transport, secretion, and protection.
34. What vessel contains the oxygen rich blood?
35. Smooth muscle is known for:
slow, rhythmic contractions that move substances through the body under unconscious control.
36. Which of the following is NOT true about skeletal muscle?
It contains one nucleus per cell.
37. Which type of contractive tissue is known for its striped or striated appearance and being under conscious control?
38. A neuron transmits a nervous impulse from one place to another. Which of the following sequences correctly indicates the route that an impulse takes as it passes through a neuron?
dendrite > cell body > axon
39. External signals are first picked up by which part of a neuron?
40. What is the correct passage of a drop of blood in the body?
pulmonary artery → lung → pulmonary vein → left atrium → left ventricle → aorta
41. Which of the following is NOT a critical purpose for which water is used in an animal body?
All of the above are important roles for water in animal bodies.
42. Saturated fatty acids have _________________ than unsaturated fatty acids, which is why they exist as a ____________ at room temperature.
fewer double bonds; solid
43. The nutrients needed in the human diet are:
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.
44. Dr. Nelson explained to Jena and Seth that there was a danger of hemolytic disease of the newborn. This occurs when:
the mother is Rh negative, the father is Rh positive, and the baby is Rh positive
45. Robby has type B positive blood, thus he will possess
B antigens, antibody A, Rh antigen
46. The four stages of food processing, in sequential order, are:
ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination.
47. In which digestive phase do energy-rich molecules actually enter the bloodstream and tissues of the body?
48. Systolic and Diastolic pressures for a normal person could be
49. A person who had their gall bladder removed might have difficulty in digesting which of the following components of their diet?
50. The stomach:
Both a and b are correct.
51. What is the name of the part of the small intestine to absorb fatty acids?
is stored in the gall bladder.
53. Which of the following statements about the large intestine is true?
water is absorbed from the digestive tract, returning to the blood and tissues of the body.
54. Most of the digestive breakdown by enzymes of macromolecules in the human digestive system occurs in the:
55. Which of the following could create the condition known as diabetes?
Both b and d are true.