Engel v Vitale
The 1962 Supreme Court decision holding that state officials violated the First Amendment when they wrote a prayer to be recited by New York's schoolchildren - 1st amendment Establishment Clause case
Cooper v Aaron
reaffirms Brown v. Board outlawing seperate but equal. Cooper also reasserted that the U.S supremeacy clause declared that a federal judges ruling could not be ignored/overruled by a governor of a state
Loving v Virginia
14th amendment equal protection clause allows "freedom to marry" ends 17 state racial restrictions; U.S. supreme court declares "the freedom to marry... one of the basic civil rights of man"
Robinson v California
Case dealt with a law that said it was illegal to be addicted to the use of narcotics. Court struck down the law saying that it was cruel and unusual punishment since they were punishing an illness..
Griswold v Connecticut
married couple wanted to get contraceptives; struck down a Connecticut law prohibiting the sale of contraceptives; established the right of privacy through the 4th and 9th amendment
Gideon v Wainright
ordered states to provide lawyers for those unable to afford them in criminal proceedings - 6th amendment right
Tinker v Des Moines
students wore black armbands in protest of the Vietnam War; student's rights are not "shed at the schoolhouse gates," symbolic speech allowed - first amendment free speech case
Mapp v Ohio
Established the exclusionary rule was applicable to the states (evidence seized illegally cannot be used in court) - 4th amendment search and seizure case
Miranda v Arizona
Supreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.