anatomy and physiology

56 terms by kavita2007

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protoplasm

cells are made up of a colorless jellylike substance in which food elements such as protein, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salt, and water are present

nucleus cytoplasm and cell membrane

the principal parts of the cell

nucleus

the center of the cell contains the which plays an imprortant role in cell reproduction

cytoplasm

tthe protoplasm of a cell that surrounds the nucleus

mitosis

the process by which cells reproduce by divding inot two identical cells called daughter cells is

food oxygen and water

cells will continue to grow and thrive as long as they are favored with the proper temperature, they eliminate waste products, and are favored with an adequate supply of

metabolism

the comples chemical process whereby body cells are nourished and supplied with energy needed to carry on their many activities

anabolism

the process of building up larger molecules from smaller onces, during which the body stores food,water, and oxygen for the time when they are needed for cell growth and repair q

catabolism

the process of breaking down of larger substances or molecules into smaller ones

liquid

tissue that carries food, waste products, and hormones through the body is known

tissues

groups of cell of the same king

digestion

energy can be stored by special molecules and used for muscle contraction, secretion, or heat production

epithelial

the protective cobering on body surfaces such as the skin, muccous membranes, linings of the heart, digestive and resipiratory organs and glands is

nerve

tissue that carries messages to and from the brain and controls and corrdinates all body funtcions is

connective tissue

that which supports, protects, and binds together other tissue of the body is

organs

structures of the body that are designed to accomplish a specific function

systems

groups of organs taht cooperate for a common purpose, namely the welfare of the entire body are

skin

another name for integumantary symstem

bones

another name for skeletal system

bloody supply

another name for teh circulatory system

digestive

the stomach and intestines are

8

the cranium is made up of how many bones

frontal

what bone forms the forehead

parietal

the bones that form the sides and top of the cranium

temporal

the bones that form the sides of the head in the ear region

maxillae

the bones of the upper jaw

mandible

the largest and strongest bone of the face is

occiptal

the hindmost bone of the skull

humerus

the uppermost and largest bone of the

myology

the study of the structure, functions, and diseases of the muscles

origin, insertion, belly

the three parts of a muscle

orbicularis occuli

the muscle that enables you to close your eyes

epicranius

the broad muscle that covers the top of the skull

straited

another name for voluntary muscles that can be controlled by the will

mandible

the lower jaw bone which is the largest and strongest bone of the face and forms the lower jaw

epicranial aponeurosis

the tendon that connects the occipitalis and the frontalis

masseter and temporalis

the muscles that coordinate in opening and closing the mouth

frontalis

the front portion of the epicranius

corrugator

the muscle that draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles the forehead vertically

buccinator

the mucle of the cheeck between the upper and lower jaw that compresses the cheecks and expels air between the lips

all the above

muscular tissue can be stimulated

platysma

the broad muscle taht extends from teh chest and shoulder muscles to the side of the chin; responsible for lowering the lower jaw and lip

sternocleidomastoideus

the muscle that rotates and bends the head, as in nodding

deltoid

the large, thick trangular-shaped muscle that covers the shoulder and lifts and turns the arm outward

biceps

the muscles that produce the contour of teh front and inner side of the upper arm, lifts the forearm and flexes the elbow

supinators

thet muscle that turns the hand outward and the palm upward is

extensors

the muscles that straighten the wrist, hand and the fingers to form a straight line are called

abductor

the muscles located at the base of each digit that separate the fingers

opponent

the mscles that involve the bending of the wrist

trapezius

the muscles that assist in the swinging of the arms

platysma

a muscle covering the back of the neck and upper and middle region of the back that rotates and controls the swinging of the arms

lower leg

the gastrocnemius muscle is located in the

blood vascular system

the system that involves the heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins

circulatory system

the system that controls that steady circulation of blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels is

pulmonary circulation

the blood circulatory system that sends blood form the heart to the lungs to be purified is the

aorta

the largest artery in the human body is the

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